Organized April 12th 1855
By W.G. Mills, Historian
On Thursday, April 12th 1855, the ship Chimborazo, Peter Vesper Master, 1071 tons, register, was appointed to sail from the Port of Liverpool, England, with 432 passengers on board belonging to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
On Wednesday evening, April 11th, at a meeting of elders, held in 15 Wilton Street, President Franklin D. Richards, presiding; Elder Edward Stevenson, president of Gibralter Mission was appointed to preside over the passengers on board the said ship. Elders A. [Andrew] L. Lamoreaux, ex-president of the French Mission, Thomas Jeremy counselor of the Welsh Mission, Martin Slack [Stack], ex-president of the Essex Conference and William G. Mills, ex-president of the Reading Conference were appointed to be counselors to Elder Stevenson. [p.1]
President F. D. Richards, in a expressive and affectionate manner, instructed the elders on the duties of all emigrating; especially of the ex-presidents about to embark. He said "I hold you brethren responsible for the state, condition and feelings of all the Saints, temporally and spiritually, under your watch care. You have more responsibility than you ever had before from the fact of the Saints being gathered from the various parts and coming from the privileges of a land home, and being associated so closely within the confines of a ship.
On Thursday, April 12th, the Saints were generally on board arranging their berths and luggage. Elders Slack [Stack] and [William G.] Mills attended to putting on strict guards by day and night, to prevent strangers and dishonest persons stealing from the Saints. The vessel did not clear out today. On Friday some provisions served.
On Saturday 14th A meeting was convened on the poop deck to organize the ship and sustain the authorities and that instruction and counsel might be imparted necessary for the Saints. About 11 o'clock the meeting was opening by singing and prayer. Prayer by Elder Lamoreaux. Elder Daniel Spencer addressed the Saints, giving them valuable instructions on the necessary duties while traversing the briny wave. The following motions were then made and carried:
That Elder Edward Stephenson be sustained as president of this company according to the appointment of President Franklin D. Richards. [p.2]
That Elders A. L. Lamoreaux, T. Jeremy, W. G. Mills, and M. Slack [Stack] be his counselors.
That Elders E. Sutherland, S. [Samuel] Burt, G. [George] St Geor [St. George], W. [William] Davies, D. [David] Jeremy priests. J. Elliott, and R. [Richard] E. Davies, preside over the seven wards into which the ship will be divided.
That Elder Martin Slack [Stack] be secretary.
That Elder W.G. Mills be historian.
The meeting was then addressed by the following brethren:
President Spencer exhorted the Saints to avoid all murmuring and complaining. The Saints have more food than the law allows, and by using everything wisely they would have sufficient to sustain them. He exhorted them to entertain no hard feelings let union prevail and confide in God; and they should cross the sea without one death.
Elders S. D. Grant exhorted the Saints to order, and desired the Saints to have even the smallest matters attended to. Let their ambition be to hold a contented mind and practice the Gospel which had been preached to them, and now was the time to put into practical operation every good thing they had heard as a part of Mormonism.
Elder C. H. Wheelock exhorted the Saints to purity of conduct & morals, and to seek the purity of their bodies; which would avoid much sickness. Told them to avoid sin [p.3] and not give way to temptation as there would be many between this and the Valley. He exhorted the Saints not to interfere with the captain and sailors in their duty. Let not any give away to adultery, and may that man wither away that will seek to decoy the sisters away.
Elders W. H. Kimball, [-] Ferguson , D. [Daniel] Jones. C. G. Webb and President Stevenson gave valuable instruction and meeting was closed by prayer. Fond feelings prevailed.
This afternoon a council meeting was held when the company was divided into wards and the presidents appointed. Arrangements were entered into relative to cooking, cleaning, and everything that was attended to was unanimous by agreed to and all officers felt determined to do their duty. Watching arranged by Brothers Slack [Stack] and Mills.
An uncommon scene occurred on board today. A Mr. Sainsbury came on board and some detective police to search after his wife and children. Mrs. Sainsbury who had always been very cruelly treated by her husband, fled from him and secured a berth on board on Friday with her two children. She was very desirous to go to America from his influence as well as [to] obey the command of gathering. She had not long been on board yesterday when she was safely delivered of a fine child a boy, and was doing well. The man and officers reached in quite unceremoniously today in an unfeeling manner, and insisted on questioning the weak woman [p.4] and exciting her and all in the cabin. She felt determined to resist his authority and anxious to proceed to America, and if she must go it would be by force. The two little children trembled and screamed when they saw the father. Elder John A. Williams was seized by the police, on pretended suspicion of having assisted and abetted her in escaping with Sainsbury's goods. After being taken to the police station and kept there for five hours, he was released no charge having been preferred against him.
On Saturday April 15th, a meeting was held on the deck for general instruction at 10 o'clock, when the meeting was addressed by Elder W. [William] G. Mills, C.G. Webb and President Stevenson. In the afternoon another meeting was held half past three o'clock, and after singing and prayer it was addressed by Elder James Ferguson, James Bond, Philemon C. Merrill and Joseph A. Young and President Stevenson. A good feeling prevailed. Prayer meetings before retiring to sleep were attended to in all the wards and the Saints felt well. Today Mr. Sainsbury appeared on board and contrary to the wishes and remonstrances of Sister Sainsbury forcibly carried her on shore in a weak condition, having been confined on Friday evening. This was under the sanctioned and protection of the law of England. Watches appointed for day and night by Elders Slack [Stack] and Mills.
The child born on board was blessed today (just before taken ashore) by Elder Joseph A. Young and called Joseph Sainsbury. A vote of thanksgiving [p.5] to Captain Vesper for allowing the deck for meetings.
Monday 16th . The ship did not clear out of port today, and the Saints by the counsel of the president and council, fastened boxes and luggage more secure, and had everything more "ship shape." Guards were kept today by appointment of Elders Slack [Stack] and Mills and tonight as usual. The brethren spoken to be guards felt very willing to do any duty and work deemed necessary for the comfort and safety of the passengers. A council meeting was held today comprising 1 seventy; 2 high priests; 91 elders and to 2 priests. Instructions were imparted by President Stevenson on the work to be done. In the several wards, and that all instructions must be put into practical operation. It being understood that James Elliott and Richard E. Davies are priests. It was deemed wisdom by the council to release them from the presidency of wards, as there were elders there who should preside, and a vote of thanks was passed to these brethren for their punctuality in carrying out orders and doing their best. Elder Alfred Atkinson was appointed to preside over the 2nd Ward and Elder Charles G. Shill to preside over the 3rd Ward. All well on board. Prayers attended to in every ward.
Tuesday 17th. All seemed active this morning on board as preparations were making for moving out of dock; at about a quarter to 9 o'clock, orders were given by the mate to turn off the moorings and we moved along, all being on board except three persons who were on the quay for water &c. but subsequently got easily on board. At 5 minutes to 12 o'clock the steamtug took us into tow and we pass gallantly through the [p.6] gates into the river, amidst the shouts and hearty hurrahs and cheers of the Saints on board and the friends on shore. Shortly after passing out, the passengers were all mustered on the quarter-deck to see that all agreed with the "Passenger Book" furnished by our office to the Government Officers. These men examined all tickets-none were missing except W. Vest's wife & child, who had to leave the ship in consequence of the child's being ill; and Mrs. Sainsbury who was forcibly taken away by her husband. No "stowaways" were found on board, save two men who jumped on board as we passed through the last gate, but who were soon detected by our guards and given up to the captain and kept in durance vile until sent back by the tug. The Saints felt to enjoy themselves much, and sang many hymns suitable to the occasion. The wind was light but favorable blowing at [-] and the sea tranquil and the Welsh Mountains in the distance gave a feeling of rapture never before felt and enjoyed by many of the Saints. The other vessels that went out the same tide looked dressed up in their best and ample clothing inviting the winds to embrace and fill the sheets. At 7 o'clock the Saints in every ward met to hold testifying meetings, and instructions were given to pray for fair wind and favorable weather, and for blessings to rest upon our kind captain and crew. Three marriages were celebrated on board tonight John Pickett and Rosetta Stringer, David Rees and Martha Eyon were united by President E. Stevenson; and David Williams and Ann Walters by President Thomas Jeremy in the Welsh language. After the ceremony was terminated the happy couples retired to do what seemed them best. Guards appointed by Brother Slack [Stack] and Mills. [p.7] A council meeting was held today, and for the necessary arrangements were entered into for the comfort of the Saints.
Wednesday 18. A dead calm this morning not a breath seemed to disturb the waters. The sea was smooth as oil. The usual business attended to. At 12 o'clock the wind blew at north, northwest. Council meeting held this morning. The president & four counselors present only. Another council meeting held in the afternoon when Elder E. [Edward] Sutherland was appointed sergeant of the guard to superintend that department and was released from presidency of his ward. Elder Richard Tresseder appointed to succeed Elder Sutherland in the Presidency. Very near the coast of North Wales today and tacking the wind being at [-]. A small fishing boat came alongside and, by persuasion of the captain, sold several Saints some fresh fish. Meetings held in every ward tonight as usual tonight, however, they held testifying meetings and Elders Lamoreaux, Jeremy, Slack [Stack] & Hull visited the wards, and gave necessary instructions and cheered the Saints. Guards appointed by Sergeant Sutherland.
Thursday, 19th. All bustle this morning as usual in cleaning and cooking but all very orderly. Came in sight of Ireland today. At 1 o'clock a meeting was convened by order of President Stevenson on the deck, and after singing & prayer, he addressed them for sometime on very necessary duties, and gave them precious instructions relative to guarding up, cleanup, taking care of their children, and other important matters. This afternoon the wind turned round to East, a very fair wind, and the [p.8] light wind filling the canvas, our gallant ship moved on majestically at about 8 knots an hour. The fair wind, and ample breeze seemed to cheer the Saints. Canvas crowded on by our captain, who seemed anxious to catch every blast to drive us along. Several spankers put up or out today, and our vessel seemed like a huge bird on the waters without spread wings, gaily, floating along. Meetings held tonight throughout every ward. Guard appointed by the sergeant.
Friday, 20th. A splendid morning; a fair wind, still at the east; and the hearts of the Saints seemed joyous, complimenting each other on the prospect of a speedy and good voyage. Provisions were served out this morning, and the business got through well, and quickly, by the effective organization of our president and his council. All seemed perfectly satisfied with the manner of doing business, and what was given. About 15 to minutes to one o'clock, an accident occurred which caused great sensation and alarm throughout the ship. A baby, named Mary Price, aged 2 years, daughter of Jeremiah Price, being nursed by her little brother fell off the hatchway on the deck. She fell on the frontal region of the skull just over the right eye. She was picked up [p.9] in an instant, and was bleeding profusely from nose and mouth-she seemed to spit the blood out to from choking. Speedily her blood [face] was covered with blood, the skull over her right eye was very much swollen, and her little eye closed up. After having bled considerably in a sitting position Elder Lamoreaux came down, and promptly and energetically attended to the case as surgeon, stripped the child, washed the blood off, applied solution of camphor and bandaged the head-then laid her in a blanket, and placed her in the charge of a sister who volunteered to be nurse. The Saints sympathized much with the parents, and rendered every assistance necessary and possible. Elders Stevenson, Jeremy & Mills, administered in the ordinance of the gospel for the restoration of the child, Mills anointing and Jeremy sealing it. Elder Lamoreaux paid every possible attention to his little patient, which seemed to revive wonderfully. Indeed had not some extraordinary power assisted, she must have been killed. Some nankeen given out today to make wagon covers & tents. Meetings in every ward-guards kept up by the sergeant. Several of the Saints feel a little squeamish tonight.
Saturday, 21st. The wind blowing a good breeze at east by south. The ship rocking more than yesterday and quite a number of the Saints sick this morning-the cooking galley nearly deserted this morning, the old saying verified there "the first come, the first served" without waiting for the order of wards. The ship sailing about [p.10] 10 knots an hour. Meetings in every ward to night-watch kept us as usual. Our Historian, Elder W. [William] G. Mills composed a hymn of praise to God for the present circumstances and occasion as follows:
When on our Mother Earth we trod
And oft admired her gorgeous robe;
When wandering thru life's varied scene
At will upon the solid globe;
The goodness of our God we knew
And felt the power of His command;
We praised and loved His holy name
And owned this providential hand.
Thus now when on the watery sphere
When every wave is crowned with foam;
The Chimborazo's "wooden walls"
Our temporary floating home;
With horizon of sky and sea
That circumscribes us like a ring.
We see the kindness of our God,
We feel the power of ocean's king.
Then let our numerous voices blend
In songs of deepest gratitude
To him, whose hand controls the sea,
And guides us over the briny flood,
He claims our praise, so let us be
Humbly obedient to his word,
Be faithful now and evermore
To gain all blessings from our Lord.
May we still feel his favouring hand
While traveling over the trackless deep;
The winds in storms and gushing sound
or calmly over nature sleep
God bless our worthy president
The council, president & Saints,
The noble captain, mates and crew
And may we have no just complaints [p.11]
Oh! May we live as Saints should live
our walk & conversation good;
As living testimonies to
The gospel covenant received
Be cheerful Saints all will be well
Angels watch over our gallant ship;
And for the power that brings us thru
Let it be heard from every lip.
Sunday 22nd. The child that fell from the hatchway on Friday ceased to exist in the body this morning. She died about 2 o'clock in the morning, which created a feeling of sorrow and sympathy for the parents, and regret that such a melancholy and fatal accident should have occurred on board. The ship with a good steady wind, scudding along well at about 12 knots an hour. Sickness prevails considerably on board and many an inquiry made as to how they suffered or escaped from the distressing sickness and many and different remedies recommended. Some indeed novel and amusing. Old Neptune seemed to let us know we had trespassed upon his territory and inflicted a penalty for so doing. A meeting held today on deck when all that could possibly leave their berths were there to hear instruction and the interest was the more enhanced as the child who died was to be buried in the liquid grave. After singing and prayer the meeting was severally addressed on the subjects of resurrection, parents & children etc. by the President, Elders Jeremy, Lamoreaux, and Mills; after the conclusion of this meeting, the body of the child sewed decently up in clean cloth, and bag of stones attached to it was laid on a frame, and after the hymn "Now she's gone we'd not recall her" was sung, and prayer, she was cast into the watery element in latitude [-] and longitude [-]. See record at the end of this book. Meetings held in the evening in every ward. [p.12]
Monday 23rd. Sickness about the same, but a general muster of passengers on deck to take the air, and the captain kindly supplied the sick with gruel, which was relished by many, and many expressed themselves much revived by it. Guards appointed as usual.
Tuesday 24th. Sickness prevails considerably. The vessel rolled last night for a short time to the alarm of some of the passengers; who did not understand the cause, it being a change of wind to north and a change of sails. A good muster of Saints on deck today. About 2 o'clock we sailed from Liverpool, the distance of 1143 miles. The Saints seem generally better, and the captain kindly visited them recommending & distributing medicine to the sick and giving them fatherly counsel, the result of experience and observation. In some instances the captain supplied from his own table soup, etc for the comfort of the delicate. The vessel rolled considerably tonight. Prayers as usual attended to.
Wednesday 25th. The Saints very sick today, but quite a number went on deck. Bed clothes aired in the front deck of the vessel. A council meeting held today, when the president, council, [p.13] and president of wards were present. Instruction was given on the several duties devolving on us all, and punctuality to be enforced. A boy named [-] Prior who misbehaved in the galley today was tried and requested to apologize to the council and captain, but refused to do so. A smart breeze broke up on us today, a kind of storm, the vessel shipped some sea. Sails were taken down, when she passed gallantly over the wave.
Thursday 26th. Sickness continues on board, but nothing having the appearance of a serious nature--save a young man named Joseph Elliott, son of Priest James Elliott, who seems to be in a state of fever. He was attended to by Elder Lamoreaux. He was removed from his berth to his father's in order that more attention could be paid him. On the whole the Saints appear better. The wind unfavorable, and a heavy sea rolling. Today when in a strong breeze, the sea heavily rolling and the ship tossing, a sudden calm came on the wind ceased in an instant to blow which caused the vessel to lurch & roll desperately. Indeed such a phenomenon has seldom occurred, and not known, by the most experienced sailor on board. Had it occurred at night, it was the opinion of one in authority, we must have lost a mast. The captain visited the Saints and cheered them up with smiles and kind expressions. [p.14]
Friday 27th. The wind light and unfavorable today. All as usual on board nothing of an important nature transpired. Duties attended to as usual.
Saturday 28th. Making very little progress today in sailing--the Saints fastly recovering from seasickness. A regular turnout out today of convalescents. The Saints cheerful, all things going on favorably, order preserved and duties attended to.
Sunday 29th. The wind and sea in a perfect calm--it was just like a Sabbath at sea. A meeting was held this morning on deck when instructions were given to the Saints by Presidents Stevenson and Slack [Stack]. Another meeting held in the afternoon at past 2 o'clock when they were addressed by Presidents Stevenson and Lamoreaux, and the time spent profitably. A fair wind sprung up lightly this afternoon. Several large fish seen rolling in the sea. All the wards held meetings tonight and the "Lords Supper" was administered. All went on charmingly today. President Stevenson instructed the Saints on the necessity of fasting and prayer, for the continued mercies of God, and moved that the Saints on board the ship [p.15] Chimborazo fast and pray before God on Tuesday next, the first day of May which was joined in unanimously by show of hands.
Monday 30th. The wind blowing a splendid breeze today, and fair. President Stevenson issued 494 yards of nankeen for wagon and tent covers today, and the Saints entered heartily and willingly into the duty. The poop deck was covered with sisters and brothers engaged cheerfully in sewing the covers & tents. It appeared quite a place of industry.
Tuesday May 1st. A heavy breeze blowing this morning, the sky heavy and dark, and the ship rolled much. Many of the Saints had a relapse of seasickness. Prayer meetings were held in the wards today in the morning & evening--the cooking galley seemed deserted today as the Saints generally fasted.
Wednesday, May 2nd. The sky still looked gloomily, and several showers of rain fell with squalls. At 8 o'clock this morning Caradoe Palmer Beynon, aged 11 months, died of inflammation on the chest. Her parents were from Methyr Tydfyl, Wales. The child was consigned to the liquid tomb, after singing & prayer by Elder Thomas Jeremy about half past two o'clock. A case was reported today of two sisters being mesmerized which [p.16] was warmly denounced by Elders Stevenson, and forbidden by him to be permitted amongst the Saints.
Thursday May 3rd. The wind blowing favorably today and sickness abating rapidly. Two council meetings held today, when Elder Sutherland was honorably acquitted of a false accusation against his character. The guard kept up as usual. It might not be amiss to state the order of guard now kept on board. Sergeant Sutherland appointed three men--that is one for each hatchway for three hours during the night--thus relieved, and one man as corporal to walk round the ship to see that other guards are at their post. The men seem willing to stand watch, and here I would state that one night. President Stevenson, anxious to see that all the guard were on duty, walked around the wards between decks, and was taken up as a prisoner until recognized. Today came into soundings on the banks of Newfoundland.
Friday May 4th. Got over the soundings today about 9 o'clock a.m. with a nice breeze. Whales blowing were seen and heard around us today. A council meeting of all the presidents of wards held today. When they reported all things well, & better than the Saints [p.17] generally expected. Everything was cleanly and in order.
Saturday May 5th. The Saints all alive--a beautiful day & calm sea. Provisions served out today for the week. The Saints resumed their work at the covers today.
Sunday May 6th. The weather cold this morning--meetings held on the decks at 11 o'clock--The English Saints on the poop deck which was addressed by the president & Elders Sutherland and Slack [Stack]--all felt well. The Welsh Saints met on the forward deck, who were addressed in their own language by Elder T. [Thomas] Jeremy & others. In consequence of the cold damp weather the meetings were held in the wards in the afternoon, and in the evening at which the Lord's supper was administered.
Monday May 7th. The weather very unpleasant, raining, & the wind very cold. Some of the Saints were sick again. Duties as usual attended to.
Tuesday 8th. The weather cold and unpleasant--all things about as usual--all anxious to see land-when many a speculation and hope was expressed. [p.18]
Wednesday 9th. The weather rather more favorable-the Saints cheerful the various wards visited by the four counselors-all well. Some engaged making covers. Land said to be seen.
Thursday 10th. The wind more favorable--and some engaged in sewing covers &c. A council meeting held today when all the presidents of wards were present. A very good meeting-the best of feelings enjoyed. Reports from every ward given in, which were cheering--the Saints in good order, happiness prevailed, and a disposition with all the elders & Saints to obey counsel and do right. Few reported to be sick, general health prevailed, and union pervaded all our deliberations. Instructions given by the president and his feelings stated relative to the blessings of God, and the conduct of the Saints.
Friday 11th. Quite a great turnout of sewers on deck, engaged busily in making covers & tents-- a great willingness on the part of the Saints to attend to that matter, and it seemed quite an adult school of Industry. Duties attended to as usual. Provisions served out today, with promptitude. [p.19] The meeting was privileged with the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, of which all the Saints partook. The Saints were privileged and requested to bear testimony to the work, when a great many spoke & sung, and an excellent feeling pervaded--We all enjoyed ourselves very much, and felt that the Spirit of God was with us largely on the seas as on land. Prayers held in the several wards of [-] wards.
Monday, 14th. A beautiful day. Several pilots from New York saluted us. The Saints very busy today at tents & covers, a good turnout. Wards visited by the council.
Tuesday 15th. A fine day-the Saints busy as usual-all agreeable. Duties attended to. Wind rather ahead-beating up for land.
Wednesday 16th. Wind ahead-a stiff breeze blowing--no sewing on deck today in consequence of the bad weather-- a great many sick today. A lighthouse seen tonight. In consequence of many of the Saints being short of sugar, and a great call for it, our president kindly issued out in portions of sugar which proved a blessing to the Saints. [p.20]
Thursday 17th. The Saints feel generally well - The ship beating up to land. All things going on as usual, in peace and harmony.
Friday 18th. Today provisions served out to the passengers; a very fine day, nearly calm. Today a pilot from Philadelphia came on board to the great joy of the Saints. The wind began to blow lightly and in a fair point. Land seen, and we make Cape May; and the breakwater and lighthouse. We pass beautifully up the river Delaware-land on both sides, which cheers the hearts of the Saints. Duties & watching attended to as usual.
Saturday 19th. About one o'clock this morning the wind being ahead we anchored about halfway up the river. The Saints sewing today. A small party, as we lay idly in the river, went ashore, under the direction of the president, and enjoyed themselves on terra firma for a short season, and visited two farmhouses. They brought with them a few fowl & eggs & milk, [p.21] which were quite a treat to a few of the passengers.
Sunday 20th. This morning meetings were held in various wards. The wards were amalgated to suit convenience, and President Stevenson visited & preached to numbers 1 & 2 Wards united in 1 Ward. Elder Slack [Stack] preached to 3 & 4th Wards. Elder Jeremy visited number 5 & Elder Lamoreaux numbers 6 & 7. A good spirit prevailed. The weather becoming mild and fine, a meeting was convened on the deck at three o
'clock, and being a testifying meeting, the Saints embraced the privilege and enjoyed themselves much. The steamtug came alongside and moored waiting for the morning to tow us up the river. Meetings were held in the various wards, united as in the mornings, when the Lord's Supper was administered. They were visited by the president and council & good spirit prevailed and the Saints felt much to rejoice in the instructions imparted; the counsel given, and at their being so favorably preserved by the Lord.
Monday 21st. The steamtug took us in tow this morning about 9 o'clock, in connection with the "Parthenia" another emigrant ship, [p.22] gladdened the hearts of the Saints. The scenery was delightful to their eyes. When off a creek (Delaware City Creek,) the hawser from the tug to the "Parthenia" broke which drove her ashore, and our vessel might have come seriously in collision, but for the promptitude of our captain and pilot - she slightly touched her starboard stern. We were then taken in tow by the tug, and brought further up to Wilmington Creek where we anchored all night. Instructions were issued to all the wards, meetings were spirited, and all went on well.
Tuesday 22nd. The cry of "Philadelphia, Philadelphia" heard by many of the Saints while in their berths at 5 o'clock, as we came to anchor (having been towed) about 6 o'clock. The eyes and hearts of the Saints were gladdened. A council meeting held this morning, when President Stevenson gave some necessary counsel to be made known to the wards, and the counselors visited them as appointed, when the Saints evinced a willingness to obey all counsel, and gratitude for the same. About past nine the doctor came on [p.23] board-all were assembled and passed, as thank God, no sickness was amongst us. Brother T. S. Fulmer, & Brother Peter Clinton visited us, as soon as we passed the doctor. Meetings were convened to allow the Saints to have parting testimonies, and to keep them from being too much on deck.
God bless us all-good has been our lot & portion, blessings have attended us, for which we are grateful.
May 22nd 1855
W. [William] G. MillsHistorian [p.24]
BIB: Stevenson, Edward, Collection (Ms 4806), reel 11, fd. 3, pp. 1-24. (CHL)