. . . I went to work as usual until Wednesday the 27th and I went to a council meeting at Manchester, having previously been appointed clerk of the branch, and while in meeting a telegram came from President George Q. Cannon that I could have the privilege to work my way as a sailor if I so desired. Word was sent that I would do so and the next morning found me at 12 o'clock noon in Liverpool on the ship Monarch of the Sea. We set sail immediately after I arrived. I was very sick for one week while working as a sailor. I received such treatment as the sailors usually did, and in the early days this treatment was very cruel. We had some very severe storms and landed in New York on the 3rd of June 1864. There were about 1,000 passengers aboard besides the officers and sailors.
I left England with only nine cents in my pocket but on landing a gentleman gave me twenty five cents (paper money) for carrying a trunk a short distance (I did not know how to count the American money). I went to buy something to eat (5 cents worth) and on returning was told that they had given me 45 cents back in change.
I was in New York without money or without fare paid any further, but stayed with the Saints who were emigrants and was not molested. We traveled up the Missouri River when the steam boat ran in on a sand bank. Being somewhat acquainted with a sailor's life I took part with the sailors in helping to get it off. The Captain noticed me and soon after came to me and inquires who I was, I told him the truth and he set me to work while I remained on the boat.
We arrived in Florence or Wyoming and as I left the boat he came to me and offered me $35.00 per month and my board if I would stay with him, but I told him I was going to Zion [p.81] or die in the attempt. He told me I would be sorry and if I ever came that way to call on him and he would find me work. I thanked him and left.
On arriving at the Frontier I hired out as a teamster to drive oxen, a new vocation for me, in what is called an Independent Train. I hired t a man, who had six teams, for $20.00 per month. I was employed about three weeks herding then we started to cross the plains about the first of July 1864. . . .[p.82]
. . . We arrived in Salt Lake City on the 19th day of September 1864, being met by my brother William and arriving one day ahead of the train, and we then made our abode with my sister Elizabeth. . . .[p.83]
BIB: Brown, Richard Daniels, Jr., [Autobiography], IN Brown, Archie Leon,
141 Years of Mormon Heritage: Rawsons, Browns, Angells - Pioneers (privately printed, 1973) pp. 81- 83. (CHL)