Wed. 1 - Went on board the ship Hudson & took the luggage of the Dutch Saints on board, also my own. The most of the Saints came on board. Many were visiting their friends from the town. Brother George Q. Cannon gave me a ticket; got a bed place in the 2nd cabin where I slept in company with Thomas O. King, his blankets and mine making a very good bed. Brother George Halladay [Halliday], Henry G. Jemmet, and William Sanders occupied the same room.
Thurs. 2 - I spent the day getting things on board & in getting the Saints' berthed & arranged.
Fri. 3 - I fully expected to find an opportunity of going onshore to make some small purchases but was busily engaged in all the morning in assisting about getting the Saints on deck & having all pass around the 2nd and first cabin where they were visited by the doctor & no interlopers allowed except they had tickets. Before I was aware of it, the ship had left the dock & swung around & the tug hitched onto her & the Hudson was underway, being drawn through the gates of the dock at about 12:30 p.m. assisted by a tugboat. A strong wind blowing from north by east. Number of strangers & many friends of the Saints on board & hundreds followed the ship along the wharf & docks cheering &c. until we were out of sight. [p.60]
- About 3 p.m., miles below Gravesend, we cast anchor at 5:30 p.m. Numbers of the brethren returned per tug steamer to Gravesend, as well as many strangers. The brethren being principally elders from the Valley. The government officers came on board & the Saints, ticket in hand, passed by according to ship regulations to prevent any stowaways. After all had passed & other business matters were settled, President Cannon, cousin J.[-] Smith,& a few others who had [-] behind the others took the tug & amid heartfelt shouts that came from the hearts of the Saints left us for Gravesend on their return to London. Not that they were leaving us, but we were leaving for Zion's shores. The day being wet, prevented a meeting being held on board as is customary for the organization of the company. Notwithstanding this, all felt that President Cannon had left his heartfelt blessing with us. Captain Pratt informed J.[John] M. Kay that now the ship had cleared he would do all in his power for our comfort. The Saints on board were then in council divided into 14 wards. Elder J.[John] M. Kay, president; George Halliday, John L. Smith, and M.[Matthew] N. McCune counselors; Alex Ross clerk, James [-] as steward, and Charles Goodwin, captain of the guard. [p.61] Names of presidents of wards: 1) Elder William Moss, 2) Elder John Luddenhan [Tuddenham], 3) Elder Thomas Clifton, 4) Timothy Mets (Dutch Ward), 5) Elder Ulrich Farrer (Swiss Ward), 6) Elder Joseph Howard, 7) Elder Samuel Neslen, 8) Elder Thomas C. Patton, 9) Elder Ludwig Woltz [Wolf], 10) Elder George Webb, 11) Elder George Harrison, 12) Elder William Sanders, 13) Thomas O. King, 14) Elder John H. Miller. In each ward the instructions necessary to be carried out for the comfort & convenience of the Saints were given by the brethren and a ready response made by all which shows an appreciation of the interest taken in their welfare by the elders.
Saturday, 4 - At 3 a.m. the tug came alongside & towed us out of the river while the sailors with their merry songs are getting the canvas to rights. There are 160 emigrants on board that do not belong to our people. They occupy the fore part of the vessel & by order of Captain Pratt and by our request they are being partitioned off to themselves. The cooking arrangements not moving very satisfactorily. A council of presidents of wards met in the evening and received instruction from the presidency. The tug left us off the town of Margaret where the passengers of the "Amazon" were landed last year as she took fire the first trip after taking out the Saints left last June for New York. All well & happy onboard. [p.62]
Sunday, 5 - English Channel. During the night it fell a calm. At 8 a.m. a breeze sprung up from the westward. All well. We are opposite the town of Folkestone, Vandgate, & Hythe walking places. About 12:30 p.m. the Saints and all on board assembled on deck together. President Kay called to order. 1st hymn was sung. Elder G.[George] Halliday engaged in prayer. Another hymn was sung. Elder McCune spoke nearly an hour comforting & cheering the Saints in his usual style. Elder Alex Ross read the letter of appointment from President George Q. Cannon for the appointment of the presidency of the ship's company. Its acceptance was unanimous.
I then spoke a few moments to the German Saints in their own language & also made a few remarks to the whole, exhorting all to be Saints on board as well as at home on the land. Elder Halliday gave expression to his feelings as to the duties of the Saints & what was necessary to everyday life &c. in his usual jovial style.
President J. [John] M. Kay made a few concluding remarks endorsing what had been said and gave some excellent instructions with regard to obedience, faithfulness, &c. Another hymn was sung & was dismissed by Elder Samuel Neslen. Captain Pratt & officers seemed well pleased & expressed himself as ready & willing to do all in his power for our comfort. [p.63] In the evening, Brother Halliday, myself, McCune, and others, finished giving out the provisions. The wind being contrary we are obliged to tack every few hours.
Monday 6. During the night it came off calm & heavy fog. At 9 a.m. a breeze sprung up from the east which lasted about 2 two hours when it came off calm again with fog.
Tuesday 7. - Calm until 10 a.m. when a breeze sprung up from the north, northwest. All well. I collected the German-Swiss choir on deck & we sung several hymns which delighted the Saints generally. After which, Brother George Careless's part of the English choir met in the English 2nd cabin & sung several pieces which added greatly to the day's pastime. During the p.m. a boy belonging to Brother Charles Goodwin, captain of the guard, fell down the air pike about 30 feet to the lower deck into the hold. Was more scared than hurt. Contrary winds compelling us to tack often, to keep from running out to the English or French Coast. [p.64]
Wednesday 8. - About 3 a.m. a pilot boat from the Isle of Wight fell in with us to take the pilot, Mr. Peshby onshore. He seems a nice man & very communicative, entering freely into conversation with all. At 12:30 he took leave of us & went on board the pilot boat carrying with him many letters from the Saints to inform friends in Great Britain & the continent of their welfare. I wrote a few lines to Brother J. L. Barfoot, also a note to Brother Debbenham. [Debenham] Elder McCune spends much time among the sick in administering to their medicine on the home apothec principle of which he has been a practitioner for a number of years.
Thursday 9. - A few of the Saints seasick, the presidency have all been busy today attending to those who are poorly. In the evening the presidents of wards met in 2nd cabin to be continued each evening to see if anything worth of journalizing has transpired in their wards & if any improvements can be suggested for the increase of the comfort of the Saints. The captain & officers seem very kind and obliging. [p.65]
Friday 10. - Met some fishing boats from Plymouth from which the captain got some fish. President Kay wrote per. Brother Ross a note to Brother Cannon. About 5 p.m. the emigrant ship "Adriatic" passed us. We cheered her which she returned. She belongs to the same company & is en route for London from New York. 7 p.m. wind freshened with rain. This drives us near our course. The reports at council are that the cooking operations are working better. General instructions by President Kay & others. Wind changed suddenly at 9 p.m. taking the sails all aback.
Saturday 11. Today at 12 the 2nd lot of provisions were dealt out. The ship rolls & pitches considerably & many of the Saints were sick. We sighted Lizard Point 3 p.m. Many of the sick were administered to today. Members fancy for a moment that they wish they were back but after the seasickness wears off a little they feel different & could not be hired to return. [p.66]
Sunday 12. - The rolling of the ship causes many to feel very sick. Nearly calm. At 12 noon the Saints gathered on the poop deck through the kindness of Captain Pratt. President J.[John] M. Kay, George Halliday, [John] Smith, & [Matthew] McCune addressed them. Brother Hewitson also spoke a short time. The sick of the Saints were mostly brought on deck & with the fresh air & good instructions, were much refreshed & benefitted. Numbers of sick were administered unto.
Monday 13. - At 11 a.m., passed Mounts Bay & during the day passed Land's End & 5 rocks called [UNCLEAR, POSSIBLY Sorry]. On the summit of one is a splendid lighthouse. The English Channel is 320 miles long & finishes at the point. We passed here between the land and the Scilly Isles & although they are small they are inhabited by a people that are almost entirely unknown. We are now on the wide Atlantic & the long waves makes the vessel pitch & toss considerably. At 10 p.m. the wind is strong from the southwest with rain. The topsails were all stowed & some of the others also.[p.67]
Tuesday 14. - During the night the wind from southwest. & we progressed finally until 5 a.m. when the wind changed to northwest. In consequence of the heavy swell & the drowsiness of the man at the helm lost control of the same & got thrown over & is considerably bruised. The roll of the ship causes many of the sick to be quite seasick. In the p.m. a shoal of porpoises followed the ship a considerable distance putting one in mind of a band of buffalos on the plains as they leap from wave to wave.
Wednesday 15. - Wind still northwest. At 2 p.m. tacked & kept as close to the wind as possible. About 5 p.m. a drizzling rain commenced which continued only a short time. At the councils of the presidents of wards the reports of the people's health were that they were improving. President Kay, Halliday, Smith, & McCune gave some instructions with regard to changing money at New York & other matters.[p.68]
Thursday 16. - A beautiful morning. The wind at 10 a.m., northwest. A ship hove in sight being the first seen for three days. An elderly man belonging to the passengers in the fore part of the ship named William Fitzgerrald, age 54 years, from Limerick, Ireland, was suddenly seized with disease of the heart while on deck about 11 a.m. and died at 1 p.m. His family on board consisted of wife, two sons, one daughter, and three grandchildren en route to join others of his children and friends in America. About 6 p.m. many of the Saints & others gathered on the larboard side to witness for the first time a burial at sea under the direction of 1st mate, Mr. Charles H. Knight. The body was brought to the midships, laying on a plank, having been sewn up in canvas & weight sufficient to sink the body attached to the feet. One of the sons of the deceased read the burial service in conformance with the Church of Rome & the remains were launched into the watery grave & disappeared immediately beneath the blue waves of the Atlantic, latitude 52 and a half degrees and 9 degrees longitude. Captain Pratt, President Kay, Mr. Henry James Rodgers, M.D. of the ship, & Mr. C.H. Knight sympathized with the bereaved family and kindly administered to their wants. A quantity of fine soup was made today from preserved meat which had been [from] the voyage to the Arctic regions. About 25 gallons which was presented by the captain & was distribute among the sick which was duly appreciated by all.[p.69]
Friday 17. - The wind still in our teeth. After breakfast the Saints gathered on deck & appear much improved. Through the kindness of Captain Pratt they were again were supplied with about 28 gallons of soup which has strengthened the sick materially. At 6 p.m. the English barque "Isabella Blythe" of London passed us to leeward in latitude 13-30, north 83 days from the Isle of France on the Arabian Coast. Mr. C.H. Knight conversed with her through the medium of flags, gave her the Greenwich time &c, learned she was loaded for London with a cargo of sugar. In the evening the ward presidents met in the 2nd cabin where we meet each evening at 7:30 to report the condition of the ship's company. The reports were cheering. President Kay & Halliday gave good instructions to the Saints through the presidents of wards enjoined it upon all to pray for a fair wind. Requested the presidents of wards to be one with the presidency & do all in their power that none should be neglected of the Saints who were sick. I laid hands on several that were sick.[p.70]
Saturday 18. - The ocean is calm & all is quite still. Only some slight puffs of wind from the west. Captain Pratt manifested his kindness & good feeling by supplying a large quantity of soup for the sick. Soon after dinner, several of the London choir met on the poop deck & spent the pleasant p.m. singing different songs. At 3 p.m. a shark was seen to leeward. At council meeting (held every evening) a complaint was made that numbers of things were missing, also that the people in the fore part of the ship climbed over the bulkhead. Orders were given to have it fastened up. Reports show the health of the company improving. 10:30 p.m. below decks among the motley crew of Zion's homeward travelers, her children's' songs are hushed & prayers are over & the majority have laid down to rest & repose. On deck the scene is lovely as the silver moon sheds her silver light on the calm ocean & the sailors spinning their yarns are watching the coming breeze.[p.71]
Sunday, 19. - The wind at 7 a.m. freshened from the northwest. At 11:30, public meeting. Elder M.[Matthew] N. McCune spoke 1 hours on the 1st principles of the gospel, dragging in polygamy &c. Part of his remarks were very good, the latter part [-] adapted to the situation of the strangers & people on board. Is coming on to rain. Brother Halliday dismissed by short benediction. 7:30 p.m. council. Reports all improving. President Kay, Halliday, & Smith spoke upon the prospects of a long voyage & the necessity of being sharing of our medicinal stores. & President Kay also said that he had as much freedom in the gospel as any man on board on the subject of polygamy, but knew that there was "death in the [-]" to those who tampered with it & went to making love to women before they got home & had the privilege of doing so from the right source & considered Elder McCune's remarks on the plurality was rather premature although all true.[p.72]
Monday 20. - Latitude 47-51 north, longitude 16.47. Temperature of air 60Âº, Fahrenheit. Water 60ÂºF. Barometer 30.10. 7 a.m. wind northwest. Tacked ship. Standing southwest by west. Most of the Saints on deck looking well & feeling fine. P.M., a school of a porpoises passed. Council meeting 7:30 p.m. Reports all improving. The presidency gave some instructions. The time of prayers was changed to 9 p.m. instead of 8 p.m.
I gave instructions to Brother Wolty to set a guard each night at the ventilator in the lower deck to prevent interlopers from descending among the people & taking things not their own as some remarks had been made that they could go below without our knowing anything about it. Brother Wolty reported that he saw a man enter the lower deck via the ventilator & return in the morning early. Brother Thomas Mets has been very sick for several days with fever but he now gaining slowly, but is still very weak.[p.73]
Tuesday, 21 - Latitude 46.18, longitude 17.30. Wind northwest. President Kay was seized with a severe bilious attack in consequence of which he was confined to his room. Elder G.[George] Halliday also indisposed brought on from overexertion. The most of the Saints on deck & feeling well. Brother Charles C. Goodwin who was appointed as captain of the guard requested to be released as he could not get that obedience from the people he thought he ought to have & felt dissatisfied with the treatment he had received from some of the brethren. President Kay, improving, said in council meeting that we were in a school & it would not do for one of God's servants to [-] water. Thought Brother Goodwin had better keep his position but if he still wished releasing, it could be done. Was sorry that he should have asked for a release for it was generally the 1st step to apostasy. Brother Goodwin retained his place. I asked if Brother Goodwin felt hurt because I had collared him in the morning. He said I had made that alright & he had been hasty. Latitude 48Âº-18" Longitude 17Âº 30", Air 60Âº, water 61Âº, Barometer 30.115. [p.74]
Wednesday 22. - Wind northwest blowing fresh. Drizzling rain in the evening. The principle part of the bedding of the Saints was got on deck & had a good airing & most of the people. Brother T.[Tomotheus] Mets very sick. At the council in the evening, one or two cases of measles were reported. The presidency made some appropriate remarks pertaining to taking care of provisions & not having so much waste. At 8 p.m. the wind changed somewhat in our favor which caused all on board to rejoice. Latitude 46Âº20". Longitude 18Âº4", Air 61. Barometer 30.30.
Thursday 23. - Nearly calm. Made but little progress during the day. 3:30 p.m., Karl Kamerli, aged 1 year 2 months, & 21 days, son of Brother and Sister Kamerli from Switzerland in the 5th ward, died of inflammation of the bowels. A number of cases of bowel complaint were reported in council in the evening. Brother Kay & the brethren gave instructions to the presidents of wards to look to the people that they were at some time of the day on the deck & get a little fresh air.
At 8:30 p.m. the body of the child was brought to the leeward stern of the vessel followed only by the friends of its parents from Switzerland & a few others from Holland, about 50 in all. [p.75] I made a few appropriate remarks comforting the relatives suited to the occasion in the German language referring to the hope the Saints of God had of receiving their children again, not only the hope but the knowledge we possessed concerning the departed ones. That it made but little difference whether we were buried at sea or on land. With some words of admonition to live justly, holy, & uprightly that in case any of us should lose friends that we might be worthy of receiving them in a future state of existence. & as I finished, the corpse of the little one was dropped into the sea, at 8:50 p.m. in longitude 21Âº, 10'1 west, after which I engaged in prayer. Captain Pratt, President Kay, & all the officers received the thanks & kind feelings of the parents & friends for their sympathy in their bereavement both of which I translated.
Mourn not the loved one now it is gone.
Beneath the deep blue wave to rest.
Away from earth's scenes in its primeval home, it is the song of the blessed.
If faithful to truth on earth you remain
When time's circling years shall have fled,
The child of love's union shall join you again
When the proud ocean gives up its dead. Signed A.[Alexander] Ross. [p.76]
Latitude 45Âº45". Longitude 20Âº44". Air 58Âº - Water 60Âº Barometer 30Âº55.
Friday 24. - A light head wind. I was sick in bed all day with headache. Was called upon many times to attend to business. Some provisions were served out today. Just previous to council, a child of Sister Durham from the Southampton company fell through or off one of the boats into the upper deck and broke its arm. Both bones were broken, some of them stuck through the skin. Mr. Rodgers, M.D. attended promptly to setting & bandaging it up properly. Council at 7:30 p.m. and instructions were given for no children to be allowed upon the boats or poop deck. Trusted the accident which had just occurred would be a warning for the future. Latitude 45Âº15". Longitude 21Âº45". Air 59Âº, water 61Âº, barometer 30-55.
Saturday 25. - Wind fair but light. Top mast, stunt sails set for the 1st time. The remainder of the provisions were dealt out. I attended to the sugar, the amount being 2 barrels. Brother Mets got on deck & walked around a little for the 1st time. The mate endeavored to harpoon a porpoise but failed. 1:30 p.m., council. Instructions given by the presidency with regard to crowding the poop deck. Latitude 44Âº11" Longitude 22Âº29". Air 65 water 66. Barometer 30.60. [p.77]
Sunday 26. - Wind hauled to the northeast but owing to the light breeze the ship scarcely moved. At 11 a.m. the Saints met on the main deck. President Kay called on me & I opened the meeting by prayer. Elder [George] Halliday spoke in a very spirited manner and a good spirit prevailed. I followed a short time bearing testimony to Brother Halliday's remarks & gave out an appointment for the p.m. for the German & French Saints to assemble. Elder [Mathew] McCune dismissed by prayer. I called the German Saints together at 12:30 & spoke to them a short time. Brother Farrer also addressed them [-] had a good time & all felt to rejoice. Brother Bertrand spoke a few words to the French Saints. An excellent spirit prevailed all day. Council meeting at 7:30 p.m. President [John M.] Kay absent owing to sickness. After necessary instructions by Elder G. [George] Halliday, the council was dismissed by Brother Farrer in the German language. Air 60. Water 65. Barometer 30.50. [p.78]
Monday 27. - All calm & on the sea scarcely a ripple. At 1:30 p.m. Sister Elizabeth Reiser of the 9th ward died very suddenly of disease of the heart, age 40 years & 2 months. She was born in Canton Zurich, Switzerland. Leaves a husband on board but no family. She has been a faithful member of the church 4 years & died in good standing. At 2:30 p.m. the Saints came on deck & the lower decks were sprinkled with tar oil which changed the smell materially. Two vessels were seen in the northwest nearly all day. Twenty years ago today the Prophet Joseph Smith & Brother Hyrum Smith, patriarch, was murdered in Carthage Jail which makes it a day long to be remembered by the Saints. 7:20, council meeting. Many reported sick. President [John M.]Kay said he was sorry to learn that another death had taken place among the Saints & gave some excellent instructions & requested all to be on their guard & report sickness before it had gone so far that nothing could be done for them. He said that Captain Pratt had kindly offered the poop deck for the Saints during the day, especially the sisters & sick that they might enjoy the fresh air. Dismissed by Elder [George]
Halliday. By the kindness of Captain Pratt, the friends of Sister [Elizabeth] Reiser assembled on the after part of the ship. I prayed & spoke a few words comforting the friends when the body was launched into the blue wave. The brethren & Captain Pratt sympathized with the people & they returned their thanks for this kindness. Buried at 9-10 p.m. in longitude 27-30 east. [p.79]
Tuesday 28. - At 6 a.m., slight winds. Rain from southeast at 12 noon. Air 66- water 67 Barometer 30.53. Latitude 43.22, Longitude 27.49. Elder A.[Alexander] Ross, by request of President [John M.]Kay, wrote out a letter giving information to the Saints concerning the general affairs of the Saints health, deaths, &c., which was posted on a board where all could read. Council in the evening. President Kay spoke warmly on the subject of sickness & the necessity of keeping a watch care over the Saints & see that they did not want. Dismissed by Elder [Mathew] McCune.
Wednesday 29. - Wind favorable, cloudy & dull. Numbers of cases of diarrhea. At 6 p.m. wind from the east with rain. Sister [Ellen] Kay, with a kind & motherly hand, administered to many of the sick below decks, which is highly appreciated by the Saints. Council meeting at 7:30 p.m. Several cases of diarrhea were reported. Brother Kay gave some instructions. Dismissed by Elder Halliday. [p.80]
Thursday 30. - Wind from the east. Captain Pratt and Mr. Massey, a part owner of the ship, with Brother Kay went through every part of the ship expecting to find all much more dirty [than] they were. The German and Dutch Saints received the best name of the whole which pleased me as they had been called the dirty ones. 12 noon. Air 67. Water 67, barometer 30.50. Latitude 42.32 Longitude 32.43 west. Council at 7:30 p.m. The health of the Saints reported improving.[p.81]
Friday 1. - Wind northeast. A sailor was discovered below deck among the people & when ordered by the boatswain to go on deck, refused, and a scuffle ensued. Mr. Knight, first mate, soon appeared & brought it to an end. 12 noon. Air 65. Water 67. Barometer 30.50. Latitude 41.54. Longitude 35.39. The majority of the Saints were on deck, among whom a decided improvement has taken place. 7 p.m., wind hauled to westward. Council at 7:30 p.m. 2 cases of serious illness reported. General instructions given &c. Dismissed by A. [Alexander] Ross. Arrangements made for the Saints to change their monies. After prayer, several of the Saints came on deck & sung some of the songs of Zion.
Saturday 2. - 6 a.m. wind hauled to southwest. Tacked the ship [-] northwest. A whale seen to leeward. Several ships in sight. 7:30, council meeting. Generally improving. After a few instructions from President [John M.] Kay, dismissed by Elder [George] Halliday.[p.82]
Sunday 3. - Very warm & quite calm. 11:30 a.m. the Saints met on the deck in front of the 2nd cabin. Elder Ross prayed and Elders Luddenham [Tuddenham], Howard, & Harrison addressed the Saints, presidents of [wards] numbers 2, 5, and 11. Sister Beck being taken very suddenly seriously ill. I had her brought on deck. President Kay followed a short time giving some good instructions &c. Did not like to see the Saints going to the captain & doctor with a long face & tell a pitiful story that they had nothing to eat. At 3:30 p.m., Gotfried [Godfred] Adam Beck, son of Gotfried [Godfred], and Eva Beck from Eichelberg Kingdom of Wurtenberg, Germany, died of teething during which time I called a few of the German Saints together on the main deck & spoke to them a short time. Brother Farrer spoke to the parents, comforting them considerably. At 4:15 the body was brought on deck. On this occasion, a few of the English by request and permission were present. Elder U. [Ulrich] Farrer, under my directions, offered a few remarks & offered by prayer. The sympathy of Captain & officers with presidency were extended which were thankfully received. The remains of the child were committed to the deep at 9:30 p.m in Longitude 39-40 west. Council was usual. Nothing important. Air 70. Water 70. Barometer 30.50. Latitude 41.[-] Longitude 39.11 west.[p.83]
Monday 4. - Wind southwest. At 3:35 a.m. Emma Matilda, daughter of Brother & Sister Singleton from Portsmouth, Southampton, died of marasmas, age 6 months and 14 days. At 5:30 a.m. the body was committed to the deep under the direction of President Kay and Halliday in Longitude 37.3 west.
Although it is the anniversary of American Independence, there is no demonstration on board the American ship Hudson. Some have suggested that she was a rebel. Many of the Saints enjoying themselves, singing & with some games on deck. Council at 7:30. Presidency gave some instructions as usual. At 11:30 p.m. Sister Sarah Anne [Ann] Edis [Ellis] was taken seriously ill with cramps in the stomach. Was visited by the captain & doctor. The captain administered to her with his own hand. On retiring to rest he requested the watch to call him if anything should change for the worse & if she required anything more. [p.84]
Tuesday 5. - Wind southwest. At 3 a.m., came a small brig running with the wind. Came near being running over it being so dark that it could scarcely be seen. The helm was put down just in time to save her & a collision. 12 noon, air 73, water 74 Barometer 30.20 Latitude 41.43 Longitude 41.54 west. At 1:20 a.m. Amelia White Clifton, daughter of Thomas & Kezia Clifton, died of apthaea [UNCLEAR], age 3 months & 5 days. At 1:50 p.m. a squall came on with rain. Some of the Saints were reefed and others stored. 3 p.m., the body of the child was committed to the deep under the direction of Elder Halliday.
In the p.m. a few flying fish were seen. Numbers of the Saints seasick owing to the motion of the ship. The sea rough & wind strong. At 7:30, council meeting. Some instructions given. I spoke of the conduct of Brother Harisen [Harrison] volunteer cook, & of the complaints made by the foreigners of his roughness & driving them from the galley & setting their things to one side & placing others in their place. President Kay said if such was true, Brother H. [Harrison] was decidedly in the wrong & such should not be done by him or anyone & wished all to be kind. [p.85]
Wednesday 6. - Stormy, wind southwest. Sister Winkler, wife of Ulrich Winkler, from Fell, Canton Zurich, Switzerland, gave birth to a fine son at 1 a.m., both doing well. I was called out at 1:30 & gave notice to the doctor who visited her.
At 8:30 a.m. a heavy squall came on which took the ship aback before she could be put round. The jib sail was carried overboard. 1st mate, Mr. Knight, in the heat of the moment, supposing it attributable to the neglect of the 3rd mate, Mr. Harding, when he seized Mr. K. [Knight] & both fell on the deck, Mr. Knight falling underneath requested to be released which was instantly granted but on getting up cowardlike seized a belaying pin & struck Mr. Harding 2 severe blows on the head. Mr. Knight lost much of the good opinion of the sailors & passengers, many crying out for shame. Captain Pratt had to settle the affair. 7:30 council as usual. Several cases of measles reports. [p.86]
Thursday 7. - Wind southwest. At 11 a.m. all the Saints were called on deck & tar oil was sprinkled on the floors to kill the smells. Council meeting at 7:30 p.m. Several cases of measles reported, also of several things being removed from their places & not returned. Brother G. [George] Halliday said to Brother Goodwin if he could not properly guard the ship & see that things were not stolen that he with his brethren of the 2nd cabin would take full charge & go & watch the whole affair themselves to which all responded "Amen." 8:30 p.m. Rained very heavy.
Friday 8. - Thick fog, wind west. Early in the p.m. a Confederate steamer hove in sight & passed to leeward very slowly. Her movement seemed rather suspicious. Tonight, cold wind from the west. Council at 7:30. Nothing special. All quiet and pleasant but cold. At 9, steering direct north. [p.87]
Saturday 9. - The 19th anniversary of my wedding day. I tried to get an opportunity of writing a few lines to send home upon arriving at New York, but could not get time as I spent the greater time of the day dealing out provisions, three pounds sugar I dealt out in one pound cup's full, & at even was tired & my wrist quite lame. Council meeting 7:30 p.m. 21 cases of measles on board. Nothing particularly newsy. T. O. King dismissed. During the day several whales were seen, also [a] porpoise. 3 p.m., a fresh breeze from the northwest.
Sunday 10. - No meeting on deck owing to the cold damp weather. Council meeting at 7:30 p.m. Reports show that the measles are increasing among the children on board. Several complaints were made of Brother Harisen [Harrison], cook, of his insulting conduct in the galley, which he denied. A vote of the council was called to know whether they had met with such conduct when visiting the galley which was unanimous that he had been justly censured. [p.88]
Monday 11. - Wind light, but more favorable. 10 a.m., a special council was called of 12 elders . . . 12 noon-Air 50-water 55-Barometer 30.20. Latitude 43.2. Longitude 52.37. But few of the Saints were allowed on the poop deck today as Captain Pratt was confined to his bed in consequence of sickness. Council meeting at 7:30 p.m. Elder Henry G. Jemmett was appointed captain of the guard in place of Brother Goodwin, released. Some conversation ensued with regard to Doctor Rodgers & Brother [Matthew] McCune. During the evening, the tunnel of the condensing engine caught fire but was extinguished without damage. [p.89]
Tuesday, 12 - Deaths= Emily Frances Kellow from Cheltonham, age 1 year 2 months and 25 days, buried at 6 a.m., Longitude 35.11 west. President Kay officiated. At 8:30 a.m., John Ulrich Winkler, aged 6 days died of convulsions, buried at 12 noon, in Longitude 55.30 west. J. L. Smith officiated. At 5 p.m, Ellen W. Clifton from London of marasmus, age 1 year 5 months, buried at 8:30 in Longitude 56.1 west.
Council meeting at 7:30 as usual. At 8 p.m. wind increased with heavy rain. 10:30, after I had got comfortably in bed, the watch on the forecastle called out "Light ahead" although the fog was very thick so that the vessel was nearly into us before she was seen. We came near, running afoul as it was but the kind care of the Lord preserved us again for which we feel thankful. Air 62. Water 63. Barometer 30.18 Latitude 42.54. Longitude 55.11 west.
Wednesday 13. - Wind ahead. Deaths at 7 a.m. Bastian de Keyser [Basqeer Kuiser], aged 3 years 1 month 4 days, from Holland, buried at 8:52 p.m. in Longitude [-], Brother T. [Timotheus] Mets officiated. 12 noon. Sounded but found no bottom. Council as usual at 7:30. [p.90]
Thursday 14. - Wind light. Weather fine. Died of measles at 10:10 a.m. Margret [POSSIBLY Margaret] Papworth from Cambridgeshire, England, age 1 year 4 months 1 day. Buried at 8:40 p.m., Elder M. [Matthew] McCune officiated. The Saints were all called on deck & the below decks cleaned & sprinkled with lime & tar oil. Council meeting as usual at 7:30 p.m. I went & got the 2nd mate to go & examine a leakage which proved to come from the captain's bathroom through the deck into the berths of some of the Swiss Saints. The carpenter repaired it. Some of the Saints then spent an hour dancing in the evening. Air 55, Water 58. Barometer 30.18 Latitude 41.39. Longitude 62.18.
Friday 15. - Clear & pleasant with a light fair wind. I made up & passed my account of monies required for exchange to Brother J. [John] M. Kay. At 1:30 p.m. Sister Mary Baxter from Scotland was delivered of a fine daughter. Council meeting at 7:30 p.m. as usual, reports favorable. [p.91]
Saturday 16. - I commenced in the morning before breakfast and dealt out 3 barrels of sugar to the passengers. Was both tired & hungry when I had finished. P.M. foggy which continued all night. 7:30 for council meeting as usual.
Sunday 17. - Wind favorable. Still foggy. I assisted in blessing the infant daughter of Sister Baxter in company with President Kay, Halliday, and Ross. Named Ellen Kay Baxter. P.M. meeting on the main deck at which instructions were given concerning the traps & snares set to ensnare the Saints at New York upon their arrival. 7:30 council as usual. I met the German wards & preached in the lower deck 3/4 of an hour on the course they should pursue on arriving at New York & en route to Wyoming. At 11:30 p.m., the wind freshened & we were moving through the water about 11 knots.
Monday 18. - Weather fine & clear. Wind favorable. At 4:30 a.m. the pilot came on board. He brought papers from New York of the 11th. Gold high. The Confederate steamer, "Alabama," reported sunk in a battle with the Federal steamer, "Courage." During the day several of Mother Carey's chickens were caught by way of amusement & released again.[p.92] They are very much like the swallows in size & appearance. Lines of thread were thrown out the stern in which they tangled themselves while flying about by thousands & in fluttering to get free tangled themselves so they were hauled on board. The sailors fable says they are the spirits of departed seamen. They never kill one. I packed trunk. Council at 7:30 as usual. Health improving. I went below & spoke an hour to the German ward number 9.
Tuesday 19. - At 7 a.m. a tugboat took the ship Hudson in tow & we are nearing the port. I finished letters for a I. Bullock, H. Debenham [at] London, & for my wife, A.B. Smith, and to Mary A. S. [at] Salt Lake City. Packing & cleaning. Making arrangements for arrival at New York. The wind dying away. The hands are stripping the ship and we expect to be in dock by 4 in the evening. The Captain gives $1.50 to the tug to take us into dock. We passed Sandy Hook Lighthouse and up the Narrows and anchored off Castle Garden at 3:30 p.m. W. [Williams] C. Staines came on board at 5:30, addressed the council meeting in the evening, & spent the night on board. [p.93]
Wednesday, 20th - Brother Scheffler came on board early this morning. The lighter came alongside at 8 p.m. and the luggage was transferred from the ship by the brethren in a few hours. At 12 noon the people got off the ship & were landed at Castle Garden. The lighter with the luggage was then taken alongside the steamer, "St. John," & put on board. The Saints came on board at 5 p.m. and the steamer started for Albany at 6 p.m., 150 miles.
Thursday, 21st - Arrived at Albany at 5 a.m., the steamer having 1400 persons on the lower deck. It was uncomfortably crowded and there was a poor chance for sleep for any. The luggage was taken to the railway station and weighed 65 tons and the people went aboard the train, consisting of 24 carriages which started for Buffalo at 1 p.m., 260 miles. Rode all night.
Friday, 22nd - Arrived at Buffalo at 3 p.m. Crossed the end of Lake Erie in steamer. Bought some crackers & cheese. The luggage was transferred [p. 94] to the cars of the Grand Trunk Railway. The people got on board the train and started for Port Huron at 8 p.m., 240 miles. Rode all night. One carriage reported disabled and had to be left, shipped a luggage van in place.
Saturday, 23rd - Arrived at Port Huron on the River St. Clair at 12 noon after riding through lower Canada, where most of the forest remains uncleared. The Grand Trunk Railway line men all very ungentlemanly. After crossing the River St. Clair in steam ferry we changed to the cars of the Central Michigan railroad and started at 5 p.m. for Chicago on Lake Michigan at 260 miles. Shortly after leaving Port Huron, the track laid through a wood which was on fire for several miles and the wind carried the flames unpleasantly close to the train. Cattle feeding at the side of the wood were unable to escape from the flames, rode all night.
Sunday, 24th - Arrived at Chicago at 5 p.m. & stayed on board the train all night. The Saints set out to look for bread; very little was found. [p.95]
Monday, 25th - Left Chicago at 9 a.m. for Quincy on the Mississippi on the Illinois Central Railroad. Much inconvenience was suffered by the frequent change of cars on this line, one of which took place at midnight.
Tuesday, 26th - At daylight this morning we arrived at Colchester while the engine was taking in water at the tank, cousin Arthur Millkin and wife called me to the fence and expressed their gratification at seeing me and asked me to stay with them a week which pleased me for them to express, but I could not comply. I stayed as long as possible with them & had but just time to reach the train before it started. On guard all night.
(Wednesday, 27th Arrived) On the arrival of the train at Plymouth, I inquired of the stationmaster and was told that my brother-in-law, A.D. Cleveland, had left for the war, but had returned and had moved away with his family. He did not know where he had removed to. Train arrived at Quincy at 12 noon where luggage [p.96] was ferried over the River Mississippi and the people crossed over at 6 p.m. when we were informed that a dispatch had been received at Salt River Bridge & Shelbina Station, on the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad had been burned by the guerrillas, and in consequence the people had to camp in the woods, but a thunderstorm coming on, they run to the railway station for shelter which afforded but poor accommodation and was very exposed to the weather.
Wednesday, 27th - Remained all day at West Quincy.
Thursday, July 28th - At 8 a.m. this morning 3 trains were got in readiness to convey the Saints on the St Joseph Railroad as far as the neighborhood of the burnt bridge which was reached at 12 noon. The people then left the train, forded the river, and camped again in the woods to wait the removal of the luggage which was carried over 3/4 of a mile, of very rough road mostly on men's backs, only 3 wagons available for the heavier boxes. I had charge of the loading of the cars, with the assistance of the German brethren. [p.97]
Friday, July 29th - The luggage was got over the river, and into the cars by 3 p.m. and 3 trains of goods, cars, and cattle trucks very filthy were crammed to excess by the Saints and started at short intervals for St. Joseph. The effects of the recent raid being very apparent in the burnt buildings, the excitement of the inhabitants and the number of armed men at the stations who were sent to protect the line.
Saturday, 30th - The trains arrived at St. Joseph, Missouri at 7 & at 8 a.m. & 3 p.m. after a dreadful rough ride one engine and several carriages getting off the track, the brethren having to get out to push the trains into sidings and other mishaps. The last train brought in 2 children dead who had been sick for sometime. Stayed at the railway station all night.
Sunday, August 31st - The Saints occupying a large shed belonging to the railway company a number of soldiers and others came down to the place to converse and in some cases tried to create a disturbance. A Dutch girl [p.98] named Jacobchis Smuling understanding but little English, being questioned by a number of soldiers, they not understanding her, represented that we were forcing her to go to the Great Salt Lake against her will. We were under the necessity of sending for the provost marshal, (the town being under marshal law) to disperse the rabble. After he had examined into the case with the assistance of an interpreter, satisfying himself that it was a misunderstanding, commanded the soldiers to leave the ground. The rabble then declared they would have her if they burnt the building, but by disguising her she was got safely on board the steamer "Colorado" leaving them watching her hat lying in the room where she had been and all passed off quietly to our no small satisfaction. At 3 p.m. I left St. Joseph on board the "Colorado" with wagons & the foreign Saints for Wyoming also with goods for intermediate stations. J. S. Young, J. W. Young, & P. A. Schettler accompanied us. Tied up at the wood yard for the night. [p.99]
Monday 1st Started at daylight. Brother J. A. Young left us at the first station below Brownsville taking a horse with him. During the day I had some little trouble to get the people to understand the necessity of keeping their distance from strangers. Stopped at wood yard & tied up for the night.
Tuesday 2nd At 5 a.m. on the move. Rained for 2 hours in the morning. After rubbing over sandbars and snags feeling our way from bank to bank. We arrived at Wyoming at 2 p.m. and found 2 letters waiting for me from my family. The foreign Saints, with myself were set apart to travel in Captain Hydes' Company and accordingly repaired to the camping ground mile from Wyoming. The steamer "J. F. Lacy" containing the English Saints arrived at 5 p.m.
Wednesday 3rd Spent the day in getting up luggage from the landing and fitting up wagons. All hard at work. [p.100]
Thursday 4th Still at work fitting up wagons, gathering up oxen, filling in, and getting ready the train for starting across the plains.
Friday 5th The same as above.
Saturday 6th I purchased the provisions for the German independent wagons. Brother J. Beck offered to take my trunk in his wagon, which offer I accepted.
Sunday 7th & Monday 8th Taken very sick at 11 p.m. with vomiting and diarrhea which continued every 15 minutes until noon of Monday. With severe cramps in the bowels and limbs, being an attack of Cholera, during which time I lost 45 pounds in weight. Some of my friends had but little hopes of my recovery. I had so fears. The brethren administered to me and I took some me diune which checked the diarrhea. Sister Elite Hukne attended me faithfully for which may the Lord reward her. [p.101]
Tuesday Aug. 9th Somewhat better, got up and drove down to the office in the captains carriage; in the afternoon, the train moved, from the camp at Wyoming with 60 wagons, and traveled 1 miles & camped. Elder William Hyde, captain; J. L. Smith, chaplain; L. Neslen, assistant chaplain; A. Ross, commissary. A number of persons were sick with the diarrhea. Meeting in camp in the evening, which was addressed by Captain Hyde & myself. . . .[p.102]
. . . Wed. 19. At 6 a.m. Mr. Bromley started. We drove to Bishop Hardys & took breakfast & drove to the city stopping a few moments at the cotton factory on Kanyon Creek & then drove to my brother George A.'s in the city who welcomed me warmly. . . .[p.118]
BIB: Smith, John Lyman. Diaries (Ms 8719), vol. 2, pp. 60-102, 118. (CHL)