. . . Finished packing up my things with Fathers and took a cab in which Father, Brother Gleason [p.114] myself and one of the boys from the office rode to Bramley Moore Dock 3 miles distant, to take our luggage on board. On our arrival we found the ship had left her former place and moved to the gate, where she stopped before going to anchor in the River Mersey. Got our things on safe, and spent about an hour on board. I also got my berth, Reuben A. McBride and myself occupying berth 86 in the young mens apartment. The ship then shoved out into the river, amid songs & hymns of scores, who joyful at their emancipation from Babylon gave vent to their feelings in hymns appropriate to their present [p.115] circumstances, such for instance a "Yes my native land I love thee." The gallant ship is underway &etc. started back. On our way we saw the ship anchor in the river about 1 mile out. She looked like a fine, fast sailing half clipper, of 1400 tons register of the American build, with the stars and stripes proudly streaming at half masts. Returned to the office and took tea. Went to the Lime Street Station to meet Sister Lizzy Lusty. At 6 p.m. attended meeting in St. Georges hall. Brother Lyman delivered an excellent discourse on the nature of our religion, and the [p.116] principles to be adopted by the people to secure its blessings, showed plainly the object of the gathering, talked at some considerable length on the nature of the gospel showing that our attention would forever be occupied in it. Returned and slept at 42 Islington.
Monday, Apr. 21st - After breakfast I went with Brothers Dame and McBride to the Waterloo Railway Station to get some luggage belonging to some of the Saints on board who could not get off to look after it themselves. Found it and got it down to the landing alright. When there I found Father, Brother Lyman, Cannon and others who were then waiting [p.117] for the tug to take them to the ship John J. Boyd which laid over half way across the river. I went with Father in a cab to 42 Islington to get my overcoat. Called into Mr. Morby's to try on a coat he was making for me. Got my blankets and returned just in time to get on the tug, which soon started for the ship with the government officers on board, also Captain Thomas of the ship John J. Boyd. I passed the doctor while going. When on board all the passengers were examined by the doctor and one family were stopped with the measles. The company was organized in the evening by President Lyman, Rich & Cannon by appointing [p.118] J.S. Brown captain, John Lindsay and Joseph C. Rich his councilors. Good instructions were given by the presidency applicable to the circumstances under which the Saints at the present time are placed and may be while on the vessel. The presidency then with others bid us goodbye and embarked in a small boat for the shore. Just behind our ship lay a Confederate clipper of a fine appearance which had just a short time before came in. She was captured while at sea by the Federals who placed sixteen men on her with 5 prisoners (4 men & a boy) to run them into some northern part, but the prisoners got loose, captured the [p.119] sixteen federals, turned the ship & run her into the part of Liverpool where she lays at the present time. After getting the guards arranged, attending to prayers &c I went to bed, bunking with R.A. McBride.
Tuesday Apr. 22nd - Expect to run out of the river this morning but are yet at anchorage. The wind is blowing very hard from ahead. Many fishing smacks, steamers, sloops and brigs passed up and down the river. Father & Brother Cannon came on board about noon & brought Brother McBride & myself a good fit out [outfit] for a sea voyage such as sardines, pickles, preserves, sausages, dried apples, & crackers. Brother Cannon also gave me five [p.120] pounds (lb.) in money. They then bid us goodbye and went ashore in a small boat. The wind blowing furiously at the time. I was busy till about 9 at night in getting the guard and things ready for the night.
Wednesday, Apr. 23rd - The tug "Retriever" came long side early this morning & brought me 12 lbs. of butter sent by Father. Weighed anchor at 7 a.m. and the tug started us down the Mersey towing us towards the sea. The ship had hardly commenced to move before symptoms of seasickness was visible amongst some of the passengers. The wind blowed very hard which caused the ship to rock considerable. About half past nine or ten a.m. [p.121] the tug drawed off leaving us to the mercy of the waves and a kind Father in Heaven. When the anchor was being raised all hands were singing, laughing, joking and enjoying themselves; but oh! how different the scene before night out of near 700 passengers only a dozen could be found able to do anything. Sister Hardey's little babe 5 months old died in the afternoon, while the father & mother were confined to their berths with seasickness. Not a woman on board was able to assist in laying the child out. Brother Brown, Welch and myself washed, dressed, and laid out the child in the evening. Tacked ship this afternoon and [p.122] run so near the Isle of Man that the houses could be distinctly seen. Found the wind so unfavorable that the captain concluded to run out of the channel on the north instead of the south. I assisted the sick nearly all day which came very near making me as bad as any of them but I stuck it out and stayed up till two o'clock in the morning arranging the guards & doing for the sick. Had a good sleep when I piled into bed.
Thursday, Apr. 24th - Still running north. The wind blowed favorable in the forenoon but not as hard as yesterday. Sickness subsiding but many looked this morning very much like the "would but couldn't." [p.123] We sowed the dead child up in a sack this morning, and after a few remarks, and prayer by J.S. Brown we committed the corpse to a watery grave. Nearly all hands are up on deck today, feeling much better, indicated by groups singing, laughing, &c. Passed again the Isle of Man on our right. Soon run in sight of Ireland which also laid to our left. Sailed up the coast, towards the evening the wind almost ceased which left us rocking in the bosoms of the swells neither gaining or losing much. Saw many light houses today. One child broke out with the measles in the upper berth. The family Clifford by name were removed to the hospital. [p.124] We laid between the Isle of Man and Ireland most of the day in almost a calm. The wind raised a little at 7 p.m. Several ships in sight this evening. The steam tug "Flying Dutchman" came long side for a few minutes, evidently in search for another ship on our right. The rain descended very fast in the evening. I was up and down lower and upper decks till 10 p.m. looking after the lights.
Friday, Apr. 25th - The day was cool and dry. Sighted the Scottish Coast on our right at an early hour, we remained in sight the whole day tacking to and fro. The majority of the Saints have [p.125] entirely recovered from the seasickness, their delight at once more having "right stomachs" was manifest throughout the day by singing &c. The first rations of potatoes were served out by the steward today. The Saints many of them seemed careless with themselves and children, when on deck in keeping out of danger while the ship was being tacked. In attempting to get some of them out of the way, I was struck at the side of the head with a flying rope, knocked down, and my hat knocked overboard. By chance, however, I was but little hurt. What little breeze we had gradually died away in the evening and while [p.126] we lay off Rathlin Island on the north coast of Ireland we found ourselves in almost a dead calm within a few hundred yards of the rocks; a perilous situation for the ship to be in. The captain was much troubled about our position, but we took the precaution to keep the passengers in ignorance of their danger. The calm lasted nearly the whole night, during which time we kept tacking and bouting the ship. Attended prayers in both decks at 9 p.m. Several ships in sight all day.
Saturday, Apr. 26th - Beautiful sunny day. Warm and pleasant. A favorable breeze has sprung up this morning which carried us slowly but surely from land and in our right direction. [p.127] We felt thankful that we had got out of danger of the rocks. Two large vessels are in sight, one [on] our right the other on our left. Two small fishing boats manned by eight or ten men came along side welling fish. One of the fishermen informed me that the large vessel on our right was bound for Quebec. Ireland lay in sight on our left. Several small islands nearly ahead. Little or no wind at 1 p.m. In the evening the wind settled to a calm which lasted all night.
Sunday, Apr. 27th - The sea is as smooth as glass. Not a ripple broke upon the water. We lay perfectly motionless, excepting the motion produced by the swells [p.128] as the raised us on their ever restless bosoms, and again sunk us to their dales. To beautify the scene, the sun rose clear and warm which added comfort and splendor to the unbroken swells of the mighty deep. Still in sight of the northwest coast of Ireland. Held meeting on the quarter deck at 10 a.m. The most of the Saints were present. I have a severe boil on my right cheek which nearly makes me sick. The meeting was opened in the usual way. President [James S.] Brown and [John] Lindsay talked to the Saints giving them instruction applicable to their present necessities. On account of our slow progress, adverse winds, &c. it was deemed wisdom to dispense with the water allowed for cooking (70 gallons per day) [p.129] and save it in case of a longer voyage than was anticipated, to which the Saints all unanimously agreed. Some of the seamen listened with marked attention. At the close of the evening a gentle breeze sprang up which soon run us out of sight of land. At 6 p.m. the Saints again assembled on the quarter-deck at the sound of the bugle for worship. While the second hymn was being sung, the third mate, accompanied by some of the sailors, rushed through the crowd knocking or pushing some of the Saints over, catched a rope and begun to sing as loud as they could in opposition and for the sole purpose of interfering with us. Brother [James] Brown stopped the Saints singing at once [p.130] stepped into the cabin and informed the captain of their conduct. He came out and followed the sailors to the forecastle & checked them. This is only one of the many insults received from the 2nd mate and some few of the sailors. The first mate is no gentleman but seems to study our inconvenience instead of doing as he should otherwise. The reason of this is because he is a wicked & adulterous man & is determined, if possible, to seduce some of the sister; by his actions we soon perceived this and of course adopted strict guards by night and watches by day. Brother Brown also informed the captain of his conduct; who immediately gave him a talking and prohibited [p.131] him from going below decks, only when he ordered him. The mate, knowing this, is mad at Brother Brown, Lindsay, and myself and all others who try to thwart him in his damnable intentions. Brother Brown talked to the Saints publicly, told them we had been grossly insulted but by the assistance of God and the captain we would not be trampled over like dogs, which we all sanctioned. He also cautioned them against getting in the sailors' way and told them to keep down their temper, control their passions, suffer wrong rather than to do wrong & all would turn out right. Some of the decent sailors we talking seriously with some [p.132] of the brethren - evidently interested in out faith. The wind blew a very fine breeze in the night but it run us to far north.
Monday, Apr. 28th - Cool but fine day. What wind we had was dead against us, keeping us heading too far north. Many of the Saints very sick. I run and waited on the sick nearly all day though the boil on my face pained me dreadfully. The sea was rough at times sending us high in the air, then as it were dropping us right into a watery canyon. Since the first day out I have administered daily to the sick with oil & the laying on of hands. Rations of flour, peas, beans, sugar, bread, tea, vinegar, pepper, & mustard [p.133] was served out. The wind blew heavily at night which caused a great amount of unnecessary music among the tin cans that happened to be loose.
Tuesday, Apr. 29th - Rough, cold & rainy. Nearly all hands below decks. A great many sick. The cabin doctor, a gentleman, is very attentive to the sick. He opened & drawed the core out of the boil on my face which soon felt better. The mate & saucy sailors seem more civil, probably the effect of a lecture from the captain. Our course lay more west & south today. The Saints feel rather low spirited on account of the roughness of the sea. Some preserved broth [p.134] was opened today for the sick. I was employed, as usual, in attending to the wants of the sick and myself.
Wednesday, Apr. 30th - Fine day. Fine breeze in the right direction. I got a lot of gruel made early this morning for the sick. In the forenoon we routed all we could from below to the upper deck. Sickness on the decrease. About 10 a.m. a small breeze sprang up, which carried us slowly on our journey south southeast & south southwest direction. Many of the Saints singing songs & hymns on deck. One week today since we left Liverpool, encountering many alms & unfavorable breezes still. We are now some 700, or 800 miles from Liverpool. During the evening [p.135] while the Saints were assembled below decks for prayers, Brother Brown spoke powerfully to the Saints concerning the proper mode of preserving health on board the ship. He exhorted them faithfully to leave their berths early & get on deck in order that the sick might receive the benefit of all the fresh air that might circulate. Advised the sick to get & keep on deck as long as they could. After looking to the light below & seeing that the guard was all properly arranged, I retired to rest.
Thursday, May 1st 1862 - Two years ago today since I left my home in Great Salt Lake City. I am, through the blessings of God, well & on my return after two years experience as a missionary of the gospel of peace [p.136] to mankind, having borne many testimonies to it's truth to many hundreds & thousands of God's children in a foreign land. A ship hove in sight this morning on our weather bow bound westward. This is the first one we have seen since floating in Atlantic waters. In the afternoon the breeze freshened & being a favorable one, it carried our bark gallantly o'er the mighty deep towards the land of our inheritance. About midnight while the wind was at its highest (and it blew strong) the chain that connects the jib to the bow of the ship snapped which caused the jib boom to split asunder and by the sudden jerk it broke the foretop gallant spar, which feel up on the forecastle (near above where I was laying) with a crash like sudden thunder heard by nearly [p.137] all hands below. The jib boom was also brought on deck. No one was hurt & nothing belonging to the rigging lost. The vessel rolled a great deal throughout the night slipping our beds from under us is spite of our exertions. This would not have been the case had our bed been some three feet longer but it's longitudinal dimension were that much deficient to suit the length of our bodies.
Friday, May 2nd - By the pitches & rolls of the vessel this morning I concluded we were having a stiff breeze. My conjectures were fully confirmed when I got on deck, but few were to be seen. The waves run higher than any I ever saw. The day was fine but rather cool. Sister Ellen Mitchell of London was discovered in her berth stiff, cold, and [p.138] apparently lifeless, through having succumbed to seasickness and partaking of little, if any, food for several days. Hot water was applied to her hands, feet, & chest. Other restoratives were also used which resulted in restoring her beyond danger. The violence of the elements increased as the sun began his downward path to his western haunts until when night set. In the ocean presented one angry body of snowcapped mounts lashing each other with all the vehemence of many contending armies, at times striking each other with a crash that sent the spray in torrents over our bulwarks, completely submerging the decks and giving many of the Saints the benefit of saltwater baths. Though by the wry faces drawn I perceived many doubted their utility. I was on deck most of the day during which time I in common [p.139] with others participated in four dunkings which, however, we turned into mirth instead of grief. Though the wind was blowing hard & the waves running mountains high, still the captain kept all the sails spread excepting the small royals at the top. The carpenter, a gentlemanly sort of a man, was busy all day splicing the boom. The storm continued all night upsetting everything movable & causing the loose cans, dishes, cups, etc. to join in a sort of general promenade, making their own music as they went from place to place. On the whole it was a very laughable night and one anything but favorable to those who desired sleep. At times when the ship would take and extra plunge, a large wave at the same time striking her bows completely jarring all hands, inundating the decks & copiously discharging a torrent [p.140] of saltwater through the hatchways. At such periods some few would groan & one or two manifested their timidity and fear. One old gentleman & son in particularly, laboring under deluding opinion that we were very apt to go down before the morning.
Saturday, May 3rd - The dawn of today brought a calm in the elements, a little rain and the waves in a remarkable short time presented a very pacific appearance. Sister Griffins [Griffiths'] little boy, Parry, who has been very low for some time was given up by the doctor, or rather HE intimated that recovery was impossible. Brother [John] Lindsay & myself administered to the boy who immediately felt better. Also administered to several others. The rough sea has made many [p.141] have more seasickness but today they are recovering. I made gruel & broth for the sick and also took it around to them. Considerable dissatisfaction among the Saints about the cooking. We got some of the brethren together at night and made some improvements in the cooking arrangements. This company like all others are copiously supplied with grumblers, chiefly men who had ought to have better sense. The jib boom was reduced [this evening.]
Sunday, May 4th - Not a ripple to be seen in the water. It rained in the forenoon a little which prevented meeting. All hands feel better today. The canary bird got away from the cabin & flew out in the sea lighting in the water. The sailors lowered one of the boats, went out, but it was too late - it was dead. A steamer passed on our right, but many miles distant. About 4 p.m. meeting was held on deck, nearly all hands were present. Brother [James S.] Brown gave some instructions to the Saints encouraging them to endure their trials manfully. Advised grumblers to adopt a more manly course & be men instead of children. A land sparrow from some unknown quarter alighted in the rigging played around the cabin evidently pleased to associate once more with humanity. The captain's wife tried to catch it but could not. Sister Griffins [Griffiths'] boy is recovering. Scarcely any breeze in the afternoon, but towards night a gentle wind arose that moved us slowly onward. The mates & seamen conduct themselves more gentlemanly though they are anything but advocates of our strictness in keeping them [p.143] from below and from talking to the sisters while on deck. A moderate wind all night.
Monday, May 5th - Today is appointed for the "Manchester" (ship) to sail from Liverpool with a load of Saints. Dan Vincent Williams, son of John Jay and Rebecca Williams, age 7 years, died at half past four from the effects of a fall down the hatchway leading to the young man's department. He fell on Thursday last. Was not considered dangerous at the time. His brain undoubtedly was injured which resulted in death today. Brother Williams informed me this was the last of his boys and the fourth one he had buried within the last sixteen months. I got the corpse laid out while warm and after the sisters had dressed it, Brother [John] Lindsay and myself rolled him in a [p.144] clean white sheet. We then got one of the brethren who had been a sailor to assist us in sewing him up in [a] gunnysacks, after which we carried him out, laid him on a board held by the mate & a sailor, the board extending about 5 feet over the bulwarks. Everything was now ready for burial. The passengers were nearly all spectators. Brother [James S.] Brown delivered a short sermon & prayers applicable to the solemn occasion, after which the corpse was slipped from off the board clear of the sides of the vessel. A sudden plunge & splash was heard but for a moment and the lifeless clay of little Dan disappeared beneath the blue waves of the Atlantic Ocean in latitude 52Âº 40 north longitude 26Âº 10. He was buried at 7 p.m. I wrote up my journal. Meat & pork was rationed out for the second time. Brothers [William] Lindsay, [William] Nelson, Duce, [Charles] Welch, & myself administered to the youngest son of Sister Griffins [Griffiths] who appears to be [p.145] in trouble with the same disease as his brother, Parry. The ship rode very steady during the night.
Tuesday, May 6th - Rations of bread, sugar, and etc. was given out for the third time. The wind blew a fine breeze in the right direction all day, going as high as 9 & 10 knots an hour. Sickness fast leaving the ship. Many on deck. The carpenter is mending the top gallant mast. Sunny fine day. In the evening some of the brethren saw the first mate hand one of the young sisters a paper. They immediately communicated the fact to me. The girl's guardian on hearing of it called her [to] one side, asked her for the note which she willingly gave him before reading [p.146] it herself. He brought the note to me. The import of which was in rhyme that he loved none other but her. I delivered the letter to Brother [James] Brown who in turn handed it to the captain who manifest his disgust at such proceedings. Had a fine breeze all night in the right direction. A sprinkling rain came down at night.
Wednesday, May 7th - Fine day with a favorable, gentle breeze. Hoisted the foretop gallant to it's former place. The captain gave the first mate a damning before many of the Saints saying if he "heard many more complaints about his bad conduct, damned if he didn't give them a lesson that he would remember." The sick seem better. Hundreds of Saints on deck enjoying the fresh air. Some of the sailors seem [p.147] very sociable and manly while others are quite the contrary. In the afternoon the young Saints, both male and female, were singing, dancing, & jumping ropes. Bouted ship during the evening. Two weeks since we left Liverpool, but our progress has not been as much as we thought. Still considering the calms, headwinds, etc., we feel that the Lord has blessed us with winds and weather favorable to the circumstances of the passengers, especially the sick ones. 1200 miles now intervenes between us and Liverpool. Our position today is as follows: latitude 52Âº 40; longitude 26Âº 10 north. A fire broke out on the ceiling of the cooking galley in consequence of the pipe's close proximity to the wood. It however was soon [p.148] extinguished. The sick still on the mend. I commenced a letter to John D. Chase in Nottingham, England.
Thursday, May 8th - Fine day. A stiff breeze in the morning continuing till the middle of the afternoon when the wind hushed away into almost a calm. Two sailing vessels are visible on the horizon, one on our right, the other on our left. Was on deck nearly all day. The Saints are enjoying themselves & appear in fine spirits. Administered with others of the brethren to Sister Griffins [Griffiths] two sick children.
Friday, May 9th - (Stormy.) Had a fresh breeze all day blowing strong and driving our good ship through the water at a greater speed than hitherto since leaving. [p.149] The two ships we saw yesterday are still in sight & kept so all day. The wind increased in the evenings, accelerating our onward motion; so much so that we could plainly see that we were gaining on the ship off our weather bow. About ten at night, we run close under her lee. The stranger ship and ours were both running under a full spread of canvas with a high wind. A little excitement prevailed when we were running so nigh her which however lasted only for a moment. The ship exchanged lights and we flew past her like a dart. In a few more minutes she was lost to view in the darkness behind. Our course today has been northwesterly. Had a good wind all night. [p.150]
Saturday, May 10th - Fine day. A slight breeze in the forenoon. Sailed southwest by west most of the day. Three ships in sight. A brig off our lee bows, sailing eastward. Tacked ship at the same time we did by which both vessels were brought within a few hundred yards of each other. The brig ran up her name in flags & also hoisted her national banner. Ours returned the compliment. The brig's name was "Pride", a British merchantman. She also signaled her longitude, 39Âº 26. She soon lay far behind us and before night disappeared beyond the eastern horizon.
Sunday, May 11th - (Fine day.) Beautiful breeze blew all day. A meeting was held on the deck at 10 a.m. Brother Lindsay and myself [p.151] spoke to the Saints. Brother Brown followed stating there were some thieves on board who would do well to stop their stealing as some of them were known & if they did not change their tactics they would be disfellowshipped. At 5 p.m. the Saints again assembled on deck for a meeting. Just as they had got crowded in the front of the cabin, the chain straining the main top gallant sail snapped and fell on the deck with a loud crash. Had the people not been gathered, undoubtedly someone would have been killed or severely injured. The sailors immediately began to replace it, but in doing so it fell again, but providence seemed to have a care over it for it hurt no one although the place where it fell was usually crowded with passengers. [p.152] President Brown & Charles Welch addressed the meeting at night. The evening was a beautiful one, the moon shone bright. Not a cloud was visible in the upper deep. The ship plowed through the water under a full spread of canvas and all seemed favorable for the Saints of God. 4 ships in sight.
Monday, May 12th - (Cold but dry.) A stiff breeze all day carrying us northwest. 2 ships in sight. Sister Griffins [Griffiths'] two children are taken much worse.
Tuesday May 13th - Warm day & moderate breeze. At six p.m. deaths. Parry Griffiths, age 4 years, died of worm fever and about midnight his younger brother Thomas, age two years, died of the same disease. They were two of the most promising, [p.153] intelligent, and nice children that I ever saw. The mother, Mary Ann Griffiths, from Leominster, Herefordshire was nearly frantic with grief. They were her only children & while living was idolized almost by her. Rations were given out by the steward.
Wednesday, May 14th - The two dead children were sewed up in sacks and at 12 were committed to the ocean. The mother was delirious part of the time having spasms or fits every few minutes. They were buried in latitude 44Âº15; longitude 45Âº 25 . With a good wind and a full spread of canvas, the John J. Boyd plowed through the waves at a great speed. Beef & pork were rationed out by the steward. Three ships in sight. Administered the ordinance [p.154] to several of the sick. The measles seem to be on the spread among the children.
Thursday, May 15th - (Cold day.) 4 ships and 1 steamer in sight. A good breeze until towards evening when the wind settled down. About 6 p.m. a clipper ship off our bows, tacked and sided us. Signals were exchanged & the ship passed on. Bouted ship about 9 p.m. & kept bouting and tacking throughout the night.
Friday, May 16th - At night we were completely enveloped in a thick, damp fog. Ran out the sounding lead at night which showed that 32 fathoms of water were under us and that we were on the Banks of Newfoundland. Sat up half the night with Sister Griffiths.
Saturday, May 17th - Emily Eckersly [Eckersley], daughter of James & Mary, age 1 year, died at4 a.m. of inflammation [p.155] of the lungs. Also Charlotte Beard, daughter of Steven and Emma, age [-] died of consumption. Buried them t 1 p.m. in latitude 43Âº 6; longitude 49Âº 36. The fog lasted all day which caused it to be very uncomfortable on deck.
Sunday, May 18th - The fog still hangs around us. Meeting was convened between decks at 11 a.m. The time was profitably spent by the Saints in bearing their testimonies. Francis John J. Boyd Birt was blessed by Elders Lindsay and Orme. Another meeting was held between decks at 6 p.m. Brother Brown, Lindsay & myself occupied the time in talking to the Saints. A good influence prevailed during the day. West by south was our course. I went to bed about 10 or 11 after looking through the [p.156] ship and seeing how the sick were doing. In the 60 hours I have had but 5 of sleep having been up and down with the sick.
Monday, May 19th - Enjoyed a good sleep last night. The fog continued until 4 p.m. when to the joy of all, old Sol in all his splendor made himself visible, cheering all hands on board. Rations were issued for the 5th time. Sailed southwest by west all day under a moderate breeze.
Tuesday, May 20th - Fine in the forepart of the day, but the fog again covered us in the afternoon. At 11 a.m. Charles Wilkins, age 67 of Berkshire, died of the dropsy and was buried at 8 p.m. in latitude 42Âº 31; longitude 54Âº 3. This is [p.157] the seventh death since sailing & the first adult. With a good breeze, though not very favorable, we skimmed our way through the waves at a fast rate. Had some talk with Brother Brown about eh course pursued by the doctor and captain's wife, who it seems are trying to censure someone with neglect as [to] the cause of so many deaths. They also seem to think that Brother Brown has no charge over the medical stores although they were brought exclusively by Brother Cannon and as we understand the matter to be dealt out to the sick, the doctor prescribing and Brother Brown to fill the prescription if necessary.
Wednesday, May 21st - Clear warm day. The wind sank a great deal in the morning. Tacked [p.158] ship twice in the morning. Brother [James S.] Brown had some talk with the captain about the medical stores. The captain spoke rough to him said they were under his charge & the doctor must have what he wanted. Brother [James S.] Brown told him he was informed by Mr. Sloan at Liverpool that no one had any right to touch them, only by his order. But if he was not responsible he would not trouble himself any further about the matter. The devil seems to try every loose string against us but we intend by the help of the Almighty to keep him down & rather than have any row seeing we were near the shore, we will get along with the matter the best we can, although we think the captain & doctor are both exercising undue authority. Saw a shoal of porpoises. [p.159]
Thursday, May 22nd - Heretofore we have been in the habit of making soup, broth, gruel, arrowroot, rice milk, & sego and taking the same around to the sick, but as the right of going into the stores has been deprived us, we concluded this morning to let the doctor, captain, & wife do just what they please. The doctor asked Brother [James] Brown to send men to dish things around. He told him the captain had taken the stores & responsibility and that he would have nothing to do with it, neither would he call on any of his men to do anything in that line. The sick sent their [-] and things to the cabin. There seems to be a little dissatisfaction toward the doctor on the part of the sic because they do not get served [p.160] with medical aids as they have been. I think a few days will convince the doctor & others that they had better have let the matter went right. I visited the sick who seemed to be doing very well. Sister Griffiths got on deck today. Sailed nearly due west making, good headway.
Friday, May 23rd - One month today since we sailed. Stiff breeze carrying us northwest by north. A ship hove in sight bound westward, being the first one we have seen since surrounded by the fog. We tacked about midday and sailed south, southwest. The sick are all on the mend and good spirits seem to characterize the movements & actions of all.
Saturday, May 24th - Fine day. Continuing sailing south, southwest. [p.161] The steward gave out rations of beef and pork. On deck most of the day. A few porpoises showed themselves in the course of the day.
Sunday, May 25th - Fine day. At 6 p.m. James Sanders' wife [Charlotte] was delivered of a stillborn child, which was buried in the afternoon. At 10 a.m. meeting was convened on the quarter-deck where nearly all hands turned out. Brother [James S.] Brown preached them a gospel sermon, highly interesting & listened to by all with marked attention. At 6 p.m. another was held at the same place. Brother Lindsay, myself, and Brown occupied the time in talking as we felt led. Had a good time. One ship in sight. . . . [p.162][HERE BEGINS THE 4TH BOOK OF THE JOURNAL]
Monday, May 26th 1862 - The wind settled down into almost a dead calm, but at 9 a.m. a breeze sprang up increasing to a good height, carrying us in our course at the rate of 10 knots an hour continuing the whole night.
Tuesday, May 27th - The breeze still continued driving us swiftly through the foam at a great speed in a westerly direction. The steward (Brother A. [Aaron] Nelson) served out half rations of everything but beef & pork. By night the sea presented quite an angry mien, tossing our ship very much & making things lively among the passengers by sliding, rolling & tumbling boxes, cans, & all things that were not lashed tight.
Wednesday, May 28th - (Wet day.) The wind again settled down to almost a calm. I passed an agreeable hour on deck with the boys jumping. The first mate was ordered to his room by the captain for ordering the cooks to throw scalding hot water on some of the children. His conduct throughout the journey has been characterized by anything but gentlemanly respect. I consider him a nuisance to any ship [p. 1a] The captain told him to go to his room and stay there until he arrived in New York and if he found him on deck he would put him in irons. At evening we passed within a few yards of an American whaling barque. At prayers, Brother [James S.] Brown spoke at some length on his travels. The Saints took up free will collection for him yesterday which amounted to Â£8, 10.0 for which he returned his thanks. Brothers [John] Lindsay, [William] Fuller, & myself framed the following memorial to Captain J.H. Thomas which I read to the Saints and was received by them with cheers that made the old ship fairly shiver. Three hurrahs were given in turn for the captain & lady , the ship, Brother Brown, & counselors, & all the crew who have treated us gentlemanly. Three groans, deep and terrible, were then given for all who had treated us ungentlemanly. Sighted a lighthouse at the east end of Long Island.
Thursday, May 29th - (Fine day.) Very little wind &sailing slowly southwest. Half rations dealt out. Jumped again on deck. The Saints are in high spirits expecting soon to be on land where something more palatable than ship food can be had. [p. 1b]
Memorial to Captain J.H. Thomas
Ship John J. Boyd May 27 1862
On our near approach to the port of New York, we the undersigned on behalf of the Latter-day Saint passengers in the John J. Boyd from Liverpool, cannot feel to bid adieu to Captain Thomas without paying him that token of respect and gratitude for the high and honorable bearing shown to us and vigilance for our rights and peace and esteem for that manly conduct so prominent as a gentleman in conjunction with his duties as our captain. The five weeks we have been entrusted to his care; the which with the generous, free, and ladylike affection evinced by his lady to the wants of the weak will have an impression on the minds of all that cannot readily be efface by time or events. We feel constrained to mention the high respect and kind protection extended during our religious services.
And now as our travels may part us, we beg to express the satisfaction of our journey and wish for him & his lady every gift that God can bestow in his infinite wisdom.
James S. Brown, presidentJohn LindsayJoseph C. Rich, counselorsWilliam Fuller, clerk [p.2]
In the course of Brother Brown, Lindsay, & myself went into the cabin and presented Captain Thomas with the memorial. He expressed freely his gratitude for the honor but said he had done nothing more than his duty. Was glad the passengers were so well satisfied with their journey, his only regret being the conduct of the mate, who he assured us was a confirmed little devil unworthy [of] the notice of a decent man. We sat talking for an hour more, during which time the captain ordered bread, cheese, & rum which was very palatable. Towards evening No.14 pilot boat came along and sent on board a pilot who brought the intelligence of the capture of New Orleans by the Federals and papers containing various details of battles on different quarters. Foggy at night.
Friday, May 30th - Many ships in sight all day. Nearly a calm until 8 p.m. when a breeze arose taking us some miles during the night and again died away to a calm. The forecastle crowded with passengers all anxiously watching for land. A famine of tobacco is raging on board. At prayers Brother Brown gave the Saints some excellent instructions in regard to the course they should pursue in [p.3] landing and afterwards to prevent being taken in by the sharpers which could easily be evaded by taking timely advice.
Saturday, May 31st - No land in sight as yet and the winds & waves are perfectly still. No. 9 pilot boat hailed us about noon & passed on. The captain's wife sent me the "New York World" from which I gleaned this information, viz.: that a company of soldiers were on their way from Benicia, California for Great Salt Lake. Many sails studding the horizon in different quarters. Three large screw steamers passed on our right, bound eastward. No. X pilot boat passed off our bows. The anchor dropped in the harbor sometime in the night.
Sunday, June 1st 1862 - Went on deck this morning and found to the delight of all that we were within sight of land, though some distance from New York. The anchor was raised early and we sped along with a gentle breeze. The scenery on either side was grand, the trees being fully leafed gave to the land a beautiful appearance. Passed the narrows about 8 a.m. and found to the gratification of all on board that [p.4] mammoth ship "Great Eastern" lay directly in our course just above the Batteries. We sailed within a few yards of her where we stopped a short time. She had started for England but met with some accident which was then detaining her. The doctor came on board soon to examine the passengers, not one was detained with sickness. The doctor speaking very creditably of our looks likewise the cleanly condition of the ship. Passed five French warships, two steamers, and three sailors which lay in North River. Anchored our ship about half a mile above them in same river. The first mate whose conduct throughout the voyage has been disgraceful was sent ashore by the captain. To our surprise about 10 a.m. Father O.E. Bates and John Lobin came on board. Father arrived on the 29th. They left about noon. I stayed on board overnight and with Brother Lindsay & Fuller collected money from the Saints to pay their passage to Florence amounting in all to some $5000 cash. A guard was kept on board during the night. [p.5]
Monday, June 2nd - The tug came alongside about 8 or 9 a.m. when the luggage was put on board under the sight of the customs house officers. The ship was then cleared and all hands got aboard the tug. Father & Brother Bates came aboard. We then bid adieu to the ship, John J. Boyd, after making her our home for forty days. Steamed up the river to Castle Garden where all hands with their luggage was landed. I went to the Mormon office where I found Brother G. [George Q.] Cannon and H.S. Eldridge to whom I delivered the money collected the night previous. Got dinner at at [SIC] a brother's nearby then went with Father to to [SIC] the Stevens House where I put up. Took a stroll up Broadway to the St. Nicholas Hotel. Saw Governor A. Cummings and found W.H. Hooper, and Brigham Young, Jr. at their room, also C.W. West. Brigham and I took a tour down to Barnum's museum. Saw some of the curiosities [p.6] in that noted place. Returned again to Castle Garden. Slept at the Stevens House.
Tuesday, June 3rd - Posted letters to Mother, J.D. Chaste, G.W. Grant, & W.S. Smith. Dined at Walker's Hotel with R.A. McBride. The company at Castle Garden got on the cars about five p.m. at the station, bottom of Chamber Street. For some cause or other we did not start till near 8 p.m. at which time we left New York on the Hudson River Railroad with J.S. Brown, R.A. McBride, G.J. Taylor, and Father. It rained very hard in the after part of the night.
Wednesday, June 4th - The rain descending in torrents. Arrived at Albany, the capital of the state of New York, about 9 a.m. Crossed the river on a ferry boat. Stayed in Albany until 1 p.m. then resumed our journey on the New York Central. The country looked delightful. Traveled all day and night passing through the village of Palmyra within three [p.7] miles where the Book of Mormon was taken from the ground.
Thursday, June 5th - Crossed the suspension bridge about 10 a.m. Stopped on the Canada side several hours during which time several of us hired a carriage and visited the Falls of Niagra. Returned and started at 3 p.m. on the Great Western through Canada. Traveled all day and night at a good speed.
Friday, June 6th - Arrived on the opposite side of Detroit about 11 a.m. Crossed the river and dined in Michigan. The company resumed their journey about 1 p.m. Father and I bid them adieu and stayed in town until 8 p.m., then went on board the steamer "May Queen"and crossed Lake Michigan to Cleveland, Ohio in the night.
Saturday, June 7th - Landed about 5 a.m. Got breakfast at the station. Took the cars at 5 a.m. for Cincinnati. [p.8] Passed through the state of Ohio stopping sometime at the capital Columbus, and passed by a camp on the Miami River, where a great many sick and wounded soldiers were stationed. Arrived at Cincinnati about 3 p.m. and put up at the Madison House where we stayed the night.
Sunday, June 8th - Stayed in town until 12 m. [PROBABLY MIDDAY], then went on board the steamboat "Major Anderson" for Rising Sun, Indiana some 45 miles down the Ohio River. Arrived there at 3 p.m. Found out contrary to our expectations that John O'Neal, Father's uncle, had moved down the river. However, we found a Mr. Joseph Crouch who married a cousin of ours. He lived out of town some 3 miles but took us to a Mr. Merrils who married another cousin. They made us a welcome and we stayed with them overnight visiting two or three more cousins.
Monday, June 9th - Started this morning and walked three miles to [p.9] visit Mahala O'Neal, an aunt of Father's. Found her on her farm at home. She was very glad to see us and made us at home. She had a fine family of girls. Her son-in-law Joseph Crouch was attending her farm.
Tuesday, June 10th - With Father and Aunt, went to see another one of her daughters. Got dinner with her, then on to the Rising Sun in a wagon with Mr. Crouch. Crossed the river on the horse ferry into Kentucky. Walked down about two miles to Franklin Smith's who married Jane Rich, Father's cousin. Martha Scott, another cousin, was there and knew Father first sight although she had not seen him for twenty six years. All was surprised and glad to see us. From there we went after supper to Uncle John O'Neals a little further on where we found a good many more cousins, who in turn made us welcome. Slept at Uncle John's. [p.10]
Wednesday, June 11th - Spent the day among our relatives. Walter Scott, James Scott, Washington, Jefferson, & William O'Neal and Aquilla Willet. My cousins and myself all went across the river to Grants Creek a fishing. Slept at Martha Scott's with Walter.
Thursday, June 12th - In company with Uncle John, Father, Aunt Jane and Martha rode a horseback to Big Bone eight mile. Stopped at Thomas Rick's house who had a fine family. I was very sick with a pain in my bowels which caused me to feel very sick for a time. Slept at Thomas Rick's.
Friday, June 13th - Joseph Rick another cousin from down the creek came up about noon and we went home with him, calling at the celebrated Big Bone Springs to get a drink. Slept at night at Joseph Rick's who also has a fine family. [p.11]
Saturday, June 14th - Today we went on the hill above to Charles Slaters another cousins where we spent the day and night with him and family. I also went a squirrel hunting.
Sunday, June 15th - Returned to Uncle John''s calling on William Black husband of another cousin. On our way we overtook Joseph Rick son of Thomas with his sister who went with me to Aunt Jane's where we got dinner. Our relatives had taken the pains to provide a church and notify the people that we would preach to [to] day, according by at 3 p.m. We went found a good congregation and preached to them. They evidently seemed interested. Had some talk with Walter, James, and Sarah Jane on the principles of the gospel. Slept with Walter at Frank Smith's. Walter is a fine young man & very much interested in the principles we believe. [p.12]
Monday, June 16th - Went to Rising Sun with Walter in a skiff some three miles by the river, returned in the afternoon and had supper with Aunt Jane where several young ladies had come in to visit. Slept at Uncle John's.
Tuesday, June 17th - Went with Father and Uncle John across the river to the Bark Works, Indiana where Father was raised until eighteen or twenty years of age. Visited the old farm owned now by Jefferson Hiser. The rain came down in torrents in the evening so we stayed with him overnight.
Wednesday, June 18th - Returned early this morning to East-Bend. Father went to Rising Sun. It rained very hard while he was gone. Spent the day with the boys. At night several of the neighboring young men came in to Walter's and we had a good lively [p.13] sociable time together. Stayed with Walter at
Thursday, June 19th - Went to Uncle John's for dinner, beat all my relatives jumping. Packed up our things to start about 5 p.m. The "Packet Prioress" came along and we went on board bidding our relatives adieu at the river side. On board we met with J.H. Slater another cousin. Secured rooms and got tickets for Madison, Indiana 75 miles by river. The passengers found out we belonged to Utah and was very talkative.
Friday, June 20th - Waked up this morning and found ourselves at Madison. Breakfasted on board. Took the cars at 6 a.m. for Indianapolis 86 miles. Arriving there we took the Chicago Express train for Chicago, went 64 miles and stopped at Lafayette to change engines. Just as the engine was coming up to hitch onto our train the main driving wheel very providentially rolled off breaking the ax square [p.14] in two. A detention of a couple of hours was caused by this, before another one could be procured. Finally got under headway and passed on to Michigan City, and from there to Chicago, Illinois where we arrived about 10 p.m. Put up at the Girard House.
Saturday, June 21st - Visited the railroad agent with Father to see to some business. Was told that a company of Saints would be along at 5 p.m. today en route for Florence. Concluded to stop and go with them as far as my uncles in LaSalle County some 80 miles distant. Visited the city through the day and bought a rifle for $16.00. The company arrived at 4 some 700 in all from New York, Philadelphia and other places in this country. O.E. Bates conducted them. We went in the same train to Mendota, got there at 12 m. Brother Bates got off with us and the company resumed their journey under the charge of [p.15] James McKnight and others. We got beds at the Station Hotel. Brother Bates slept with me until two o'clock he then returned to Chicago by the 2 a.m. [-] en route for New York.
Sunday, June 22nd - Father found out my cousin Julia A. Wixom was in town. He went and found her at a Mr. Jones'. She informed him all were at her father's. Hired a wagon to carry us to Homer 6 miles. Arrived [-] Jesse Wixoms my uncles about ten in the morning. All knew Father but none knew me although I stayed here several days when going out. Julia came in town shortly after we did. Jane Wixom my cousin has been married since Christmas to Randall Coulton. All were glad to see us.
Monday, June 23rd - Went to Mendota with Randall, Jane & Julia to have our likenesses taken. Returned in the evening. Spent the evening in talking. [p.16]
Tuesday, June 24th - With Uncle and family. Visited W.A. Wilkins husband of my cousin Perthena. Stayed all day with him. Returned to Uncles at night.
Wednesday, June 25th - Wrotes letters to G.J. Taylor at Florence, N.J. A Mr. Ingles & Buck came in at night bringing a melodian with them, and spent the evening very interestingly with music, songs, &c.
Thursday, June 26th - Intended to have started westward this morning but a heavy rain prevented. Visited with Aunt and family. It cleared up in the afternoon.
Friday, June 24th - Uncle Jesse hitched up his team about 9 a.m. and in company with his family droves us to Mendota 6 miles, calling at his mothers a short time. Dined at his sisters Nancy's in Mendota. Bid them good bye at 1.20 p.m. and left for Quincy 180 miles. One of the most dismal and black thunder storms arose near Galesburg [p.17] that I ever saw, the rain poured down in torrents for some two hours, while the blackness of the clouds were rendered grand by the occasional flashes of lightning which seemed to burst from all directions. About the same hour of the evening, eighteen years ago today Joseph & Hyrum Smith were assassinated in Carthage Jail some twenty miles from where the storm came on us. Arrived at Quincy at 10.40 p.m. the storm entirely over. Went and stopped at the Quincy House being the finest hotel in town.
Saturday, June 28th - Everything not working right - we concluded to stay here until Monday. Nathan Pinkham an old friend of Fathers insisted on us going to his house and staying while we stayed. We did so. He lived out on 13th Street in a splendid large house. His mother a member of the church made us welcome and was glad to have us come. Got a gunsmith to resight my rifle and tried it in Mr. Pinkham's field, found it shot too high. Took it back and had the gunsmith lower it. Shot just right afterwards. The warmest day I've seen since my return. [p.18]
Sunday, June 29th - Attended the Unitarian Church with Father and Mr. Pinkham. An Irishman by the name of Willey preached. Returned to Sister Pinkham's and dined. The weather is very warm, but at slight breeze today makes it more comfortable than yesterday. Met Henry W. Lawrence from Utah, he accompanied us to visit a sick sister. I took a stroll with Henry in the evening. Stayed overnight at Mr. Pinkham's.
Monday, June 30th - Crossed the Mississippi River, and started on the Quincy, and St. Joseph Railroad at 9 a.m. passing through the state of Missouri, which presented a mournful picture. In many places houses were burned down, fences destroyed, and crops unattended. All the bridges were well guarded by Union troops to prevent the Secessionists from burning them. The fulfillment of Joseph Smith's prophecies, concerning Missouri can be visibly seen in passing through the state. [p.19] Crossed over the Platte Bridge, which was burned two years ago by the Confederates by reason of which a train run into the river killing and wounding a great many. Arrived in St. Joseph at 10 p.m. distant from Quincy. Took the bus and rode to the Saunder's House where we put up.
Tuesday, July 1st 1862 - Looked around town a little, met with a Mr. Dairs from Salt Lake. Visited Oliver Buell a schoolmate of mine, and promised to stay with him part of the time. The Missouri River is very high. St. Joseph has been in both the Federals and Confederates hands and is now in possession of the farmer. Henry Lawrence and W.S. Godbe came in from Hannibal at night.
Wednesday, July 2nd - Can get no boat up the river until tomorrow or next day. Hard fighting has been going on for a few days back at Richmond, Virginia. It is estimated that the loss on both sides is 60,000. [p.20] McClellan has retreated and probably got arrested. Saw a family of my acquaintance by the name of Burr, who informed me of the death of William Slaney. I immediately went to the city hospital where I found him. Learned the particulars of his death which was caused by erysipelas and wrote the same to his friends in England. Spent the remainder of the day in knocking around town. W.H. Sherman & Mrs. J. Kay arrived tonight from Salt Lake.
Thursday, July 3rd - Brother Sherman & Sister Kay came direct through in 12 days by mail. Brought intelligence of a fight between the militia ([-] men) and the Morrisites at Kingston Fort, Weber County, Utah. The judge issued writs for the leaders of the Morrisites but they entrenched themselves and refused to be taken, whereupon the acting governor sent a force after them, three days fighting ensued in which Morris, Banks and others were killed and a hundred or more taken prisoners. Two of the brethren were killed. [p.21] Went with the boys to the steamboat. Brother Sherman and Sister Kay both taking their passage down the river en route for England. Francis M. Lyman with a company of 7 or 800 Saints arrived today in pretty good health. Brother William Gibson, William Moody, Dallan and others of the brethren were along. The Saints stayed overnight in the depot room. Father and I brought our luggage from the hotel and took rooms on board the "Omaha" which came down about noon to start up the river tomorrow. Slept on board the boat.
July 4th - This great American jubilee was celebrated today in this place by a military demonstration and barbecue out of town. By invitation of Mr. Saunders, proprietor of the Saunders House. We dined with him. He seemed very much interested with our talk while at his house and begged Father to write him a letter. The luggage, freight, and Saints were all [p.22] got on board, and we started up the river very heavily loaded, and crowded. The weather was exceedingly warm which made it very uncomfortable for the Saints who were obliged to sit or lay any place that might be vacant. The deck hands were very insulting many of them to the Saints. [ABRUPT END TO ACCOUNT OF JOURNEY TO SALT LAKE CITY. NO ARRIVAL DATE IS GIVEN.] [p.23]
BIB: Rich, Joseph Coulson. Collection (Ms 4336), reel 1, rd. 2, vol. 4, (Part I) pp. 114-162 and fd. 3, vol. 4, (Part II) pp.1-23. (CHL)