Monday, May 7â€”Arrived in Liverpool in the afternoon, three o'clock.
Tuesday, May 8â€”Went on board, myself and wife, Thomas, James, John, Joseph, about eleven o'clock. The steam tug brought us to the sailing vessel. The tug had no fears of the water nor anything else. There is plenty else to do. Today I got completely lost in the ship. My wife and John came to find me. We got our own berth just in time. Went on the shelves (bunks) for the first time tonight. Got a good night's rest. James went back with the steam tug to buy us a few more things we wanted. He came back next day all safe and we received our provisions.
Wednesday, May 9â€”Received our provisions. There are 730 Saints on board. There are over 800 passengers; altogether about one hundred who are not Saints.
Thursday, May 10â€”The government inspector came on board to inspect the ship, and a doctor to inspect the passengers according to law.
Friday, May 11â€”We are very busy today, lashing our boxes, making ready to sail. The frigate came and we began to sail about two o'clock. The Saints were organized into a conference and divided into ten wards, each ward having prayers night and morning. We are in the Fourth Ward.
Saturday, May 12â€”Many are beginning to be sick this morning. A strong head wind. The steamer is still with us. [p.105] Afternoon, a rough sea and head wind. The steamer continues with us. The people are getting very sick. They lie and sit in all directions with their heads in their hands, some falling down with giddiness. James has been very sick all day. The steamer left us about ten o'clock tonight. The wind has changed more in our favor. The people could not attend prayers in our ward tonight.
Wednesday, May 16â€”The people are somewhat better today, except that we have not much appetite to eat, except Joseph; he does not fail. 'Tis very cold and wet this afternoon. It has been wet almost every day.
Friday, May 18â€”Wind more in our favor. Wind and sea very rough. It has broken loose the mid-top sail and the foreâ€”top sail. It makes the sailors very busy and the people very giddy. This is the best wind we have had. James is still poor this morning. Passed a vessel close by about two o'clock today, said to be the "Underwriter." Also passed through a school of porpoise. Had a good day's sail, about 240 miles in twenty-four hours.
Sunday, May 20â€”Sea calm. The people appear very much better this morning. Prayers were better attended. Meeting was held this afternoon on deck at half past two o'clock. The Saints were addressed by Elders Budge and Williams of the British Mission. We are 850 miles from Liverpool today at twelve o'clock. James and I are on watch during the meeting. Brother Widerburg addressed the Scandinavian Saints and the German Saints. Another meeting was held on deck at six tonight and was addressed by Elders Thomas Williams, Budge, Charles F. Jones, [Charles] Widerburg, and others of the Scandinavians, Brother [Charles] Widerburg speaking in the English language. The weather very favorable for us.
Wednesday, May 23â€”We have a very wet day. Received our provisions today. A sailor and a boatswain had a fight, the first and second mates interfered and used the sailor most brutally. The cabin cook and carpenter had a fight this afternoon. It is very rough, indeed, tossing us about very much during the night with tin pans, bottles, boxes, etc., rattling and flying in all directions. Beef today was very bad and according to what people say, most of it was thrown overboard.
Thursday, May 24â€”The sea continues rough, the waves rolling very high. Now we begin to see a little of a sailor's life. We not only see luggage and cooking utensils flying about, but we see breakfast and dinner doing the same thing; and the people falling and tumbling in all directions [p.106] but no serious accidents occurred. I know of the waves flying right over the vessel. This has been a terrible day, hats and caps flying into the sea.
Saturday, May 26â€”This morning it is very wet and rough and cold. Afternoon turned fine. The English had dancing on deck after which the Scandinavians enjoyed themselves with dance. Some few children began to be ill with measles. I was called up to assist in administering to four of them in our ward.
Monday, May 28â€”A fine morning, and we are sailing much better this afternoon. The weather is cold, the sea rough, many of the children are ill. A poor woman from Denmark died between one and two o'clock and was buried at half past four, aged thirty-five years. She left a husband and five children. The poor creature had been ill from Liverpool of seasickness, could not eat anything; she became so weak that she sank under it. There was strange work today at the cook galley.
Thursday, May 31â€”The wind has continued in our favor all night and blows a steady gale this morning in the right direction, the best we have had since we set sail. We entered on the banks of Newfoundland about two o'clock this afternoon. Much rejoicing rested on all the people for all had anxious desire to reach the banks. At three o'clock we passed an English bark. It seemed very much tossed about.
Friday, June 1â€”We had a very heavy shower of rain this morning about four o'clock. It tossed us about very much. The wind continues in our favor. From twelve o'clock yesterday we had sailed 204 miles, making us from New York 946 miles. This afternoon the wind is more calm, and we are not sailing so fast, yet we are sailing in the right direction. This being a fine day, the people were all ordered out on deck. I was put on watch in our ward, and there was a meeting on deck at half past six o'clock. I again was on watch. During this time the Scandinavians are beginning to be ill.
Sunday, June 3â€”This morning is fine after a good sail through the night. Have sailed since twelve o'clock yesterday, 131 miles. Twelve o'clock and we are 770 miles from New York. The smallpox has broken out among the Scandinavians and seems to be increasing fast. A half past six there was a meeting on deck for the English Saints. Meeting was addressed by Elders Lowe, Charles F. Jones, and Brother Budge. The Scandinavians and Germans had their meeting this afternoon on deck. [p.107]
Monday, June 4â€”This morning, not making much time. The captain is taking us out north to prevent disease that is spreading so fast this afternoon. They have partitioned off a portion of the ward for a hospital. Seven people have now fallen sick of smallpox. There is scarcely any wind at all. There has just passed by our vessel a large quantity of porpoise or sea pigs, about half past four o'clock.
Thursday, June 7â€”The fog still continues and it is very cold. This morning the captain gave some potatoes to the passengers and sold some more fish at two and one-half cents per pound. Today at twelve o'clock we were 440 miles from New York. Another Scandinavian child died this morning. This makes six deaths. There have been five marriages and three births. This is the twenty-ninth day of the voyage. This afternoon the fog cleared for awhile and we passed several vessels, some quite near. Several whales passed the vessel today.
Tuesday, June 12â€”(33 days of sailing) This morning is very fine and warm, the warmest day we have had since we set sail. We received orders to clean out our berths and scour our tin vessels and make everything clean. The smallpox patients are progressing favorably. We have very little wind and so cannot get along. We are now 180 miles from New York at twelve o'clock (noon).
Thursday, June 14â€”(35th day of sail) This morning is fine. The crew is very busy cleaning the deck and vessel. At twelve o'clock (noon) we are now at Long Island. We are told it is ninety-five miles from New York. Sailing gently along. We had a meeting on deck tonight at half past six o'clock. Elder Calkins addressed us for the first time on our voyage, giving counsel to those who intend to cross the plains this season; also to all the Saints on board the ship, to clean themselves and their berths, that we may not be detained in quarantine when the inspector comes on board.
Friday, June 15â€”(36th day) This also is a fine morning and we are sailing gently along. A steam tug hove in sight about ten o'clock. The captain of the ship Tapscott agreed with the captain of the tug to take us in for $200.00, and away we went and arrived a little before dark, or about seven and one-half o'clock. At night the doctor came on board and heard that the smallpox was in the ship and said that he would come again. In the morning bread was brought on board and sold for six cents a loafâ€”from one and one-half pounds to two pounds. [p.108]
Saturday, June 16â€”This morning is fine and the doctor came and examined all on board, said he would come again before long. Accordingly he came about dinnertime and said we must all be vaccinated, young and old. We went through the operation accordingly, and all who were inspected were sent to the hospital and there detained in quarantine to see if any more broke out. Another child died last night. It belonged to the Germans.
Sunday, June 17â€”This is a fine morning. Brothers Budge, Calkins, Williams and their families went ashore today. Brother Budge and family returned at six o'clock tonight. A meeting was held on deck addressed by Elder Budge.
Monday, June 18â€”This morning is very fine. The doctor came on board about ten o'clock and examined all. Again found no sick. Said we should be landed tomorrow. Another Scandinavian child died.
Tuesday, June 19â€”This is a very fine morning. The folks are up between three and four o'clock, packing up their things, ready for going up to New York this morning. The doctor came again, said we should be landed that day. The people were anxiously waiting to go ashore. Very few had anything to eat. We continued in suspense of going ashore all day. In the evening Brother Budge came on board and told us he had been very busy all the time making arrangements for our landing, but we could not land that night; but a steamer would be alongside the Tapscott by six o'clock in the morning to take us away.
He also said he had purchased some bread, butter, and eggs to be sold to the Saints on board, and that some gentlemen had given one sovereign worth of bread to be given to the people. Brother Budge also said that he and Brother Calkins and Williams had been exerting all their power to get us away, and that the doctor had done much to affect this object. I believe great praise is due to the doctor in this respect. Our beds being all packed, we got through the night as best we could.
Wednesday, June 20â€”This morning about seven o'clock a steamer came with a barge alongside the Tapscott and we all began to haul our luggage to the barge. The Saints got on the steamer and moved away to New York. Arrived safely about twelve o'clock at Castle Garden. There were at the Garden, Brother Croxall and brethren ready to receive us and give such instructions as were necessary for the present. Brother Croxall said he would see us again in the [p.109] morning and thought he should be able to send us all away by the next day. We had been six weeks and two days on the sea.
Thursday, June 21â€”This morning Brother Croxall and the brethren made their appearance among us and began to give counsel to the Saints. He gave me and my family counsel to go to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and accordingly we set off in a steamer about five o'clock p.m. for that place and arrived there about four o'clock next morning.
Friday, June 22â€”At four o'clock this morning we arrived safely in Philadelphia. There were brethren at the wharf to receive us. They made every preparation necessary for us on our landing. In course of conversation, I found that Elder Edwin Spencer from Arnold, Nottingham, was living at Bodine Street about two doors below Oxford. Accordingly, I and two of the brethren set out for his house and found him. He said we should go and live at his house until we could get somewhere else to be. We went there and took our luggage. In the afternoon Elder Spencer and I went up to Germantown to try to get work. We found Elder Henry George's home. He said he could find work for James, Joseph, and John at Crowson next Monday morning. So a new life began in America for the family of Francis Astle, after a tedious sea voyage from Liverpool, England, the land of their birth. . . . [p.110]
In the Spring of 1862, they decided to continue their journey to Utah. Francis and his three eldest sons had worked hard in the mills at Germantown and saved every dollar possible for the trip. The journey across the plains was made with ox teams, and although it was a slow-traveling caravan, they arrived in Salt lake City in October 1862. . . . [p.111]
BIB: Astle, Francis. An Enduring Legacy Vol. 10 (SLC:DUP, 1987), pp.105-11.