. . . Saturday, Oct. 24th. I slept at a lodging house. I may not judge right of the character of the house but I saw a man and woman come in and order rooms. This may be morals in Liverpool. I was [-] up with the brethren to a hall that was divided by board petitions about six feet high. On top of this was an iron wire grating and up through that I could see a window. This was not very secure for it rained through it and I had to feel the disagreeable splash of the raindrops. There was a couple sleeping at my side and that is the side of my room or stall. I was occupied at hearing their laying and whispering and what not. I awoke early and here was another disagreeable feature of this kind of boardinghouse. One could hear his fellow lodgers wash and urine, letting gas escape, etc. When I got to the office I found President [Daniel] Wells and C. [Charles] W. Penrose had been down and organizing the company and had appointed me to take charge of the company with C. J. Arthur and [Samuel R.] Bennion as my companions and counselors. I stayed on board when I got out there. We went with the tramway to the Alexandra docks. The ship laid out into the stream at 10 o'clock and the Saints were called upon deck. They felt so cold and were so sorry, thus they had to stay on the deck so long. I was introduced to the purser [p. 236] and the captain. I had no breakfast, so I asked the steward to let me have something to eat. He was quite clever and came with some bread, butter, and cheese. In the evening at supper we were shown our places and I was placed at the end of the table. After supper we went down into the steerage and organized the company. We appointed F. [Fredrick] Christensen [Christanson] to preside over the Danish Saints, with H. D. Petersen and James Olsen as his assistants. And Edward Morgan to preside over the English Saints with George J. Dent and [James] McPherson as his assistants. Also Brother Bashard [J. R. Bosshard] were appointed to preside over the German Saints. Then were was to be held prayer at 7 evening and morning. At nine o'clock evening all were to be still and give those who wish to sleep a chance.
Monday, Oct. 26th. I got up early but had to go back to bed as I was quite sick. What a nasty feeling it is to be seasick. I was up a few minutes on deck. The nights were long too.
Tuesday, Oct. 27th. Sailed 233 miles. I was very sick. Could keep nothing on my stomach.
Wednesday, Oct. 28th. Sailed 282 miles. I guessed 273 miles. Melvin [D.] Wells guessed 280. I was well and enjoyed my meals. We had favorable wind most day but in the evening it turned against us. A sailor boy fell down and broke his leg. [p. 237]
Thursday, Oct. 29th. Sailed. It was a stormy day and I was more seasick. What a nasty feeling to be subject to this disease. Everything seems so disagreeable and ones spirits are quite depressed. I was laying on the [-] all day and took no nourishment. In the evening I asked the steward to get me some gruel to settle my stomach. I waited till midnight but no gruel and since the steward excused himself by saying he had misunderstood me.
Friday, Oct. 30th. We sailed 307 miles. We had a fine day and everybody were up on deck. We spent the day in different plays and the day passed in a much better way than being seasick. I played quoits, shuffleboard, and checkers. I played with a young man from New York. He is a good player. I beat him 4 out of 7 games. He has been to Germany for [-] oil house. He was going west in a couple of months and expected to make some 1500 or 2000 dollars. In the evening I went down to prayer and spoke to the Scandinavians.
Saturday, Oct. 31st. We sailed 320 miles. It was blowing and there was no games on deck. I played checkers with Brother [James Harvey] [-] the New York gentleman. They did not feel well. At least I beat them badly. In the evening I attended prayer in the steerage. I was [-] quite [-].
Sunday, Nov. 1st. We sailed 287 miles. It blew heavy. The birds & [-] [p. 238] very close to the ship and we [-] from this that the storm was [-] on. A steamer passed us in the afternoon, one of the Anchor Line. At three I attended joint meeting and spoke on the gathering. In the evening I spoke to the Scandinavians.
Monday, Nov. 2nd. Very cold but such a fine morning. All were in good spirits. P.m. to cabin. There were singing and [-] playing. I read the [-] to the church loud to Christiansen and [Samuel R.] Bennion. Spent the day on deck and took part in the games going on.
Tuesday, Nov. 3rd. We had a fine day and in the morning the wind was favorable but gradually [- -] us. In the evening all were on deck to see the pilot arrive on board. It was quite windy but the pilot sloop came up beautifully, dropped a boat which took the pilot over to us, and then the man in the boat rowed away from the steamer. How the waves tossed the little boat but it kept on rowing away from us. The pilot cutter meandered and made a turn and came back and picked up the man and boats. The pilot is a nice looking gentleman, in reality, does not look like a pilot; more like a Yankee businessman.
Wednesday morning the first I heard was Brother Christiansen [p. 239] say he could see a light. I jumped up to see the first sign of land and sure enough in the grey morning the shimmering lights came over the waters and we felt we were indeed in the neighborhood of the land Joseph. At 11 o'clock we stopped because there was not water enough to get over the bar. About 2 p.m. we started again and were soon at the quarantine where the doctor came on board. In the morning there was a case of measles among the English Saints. Our doctor is a young, hard, and unexperienced and I think has no more sense than the laws allows him. In fact, is a green Englishman. As soon as the quarantine doctor came on board he up and tells him we had a [-] case of sickness instead of letting the emigrants pass and then in case of the person having been singled out told them it was measles which it no doubt is. He told the doctor it might be small pox and the quarantine doctor did not dare to pass him but telegraphed for the head doctor who probably was up in town mixing a cocktail. At any rate, he didn't come on board and he [-] [p. 240] everyone of an expense of about five hundred dollars on account of the doctor's not knowing his business. We had quite an interesting time looking at the coming and going steamers and in the evening it was a beautiful sight to see the electric lights on the Brooklyn Bridge and the hundreds of lights along the coast. I had the "Herald" for today and read about Bishop Sharp being interviewed and defending his course. The captain handed it to me. He is always civil to me and so are all the officers. I [-] I hope we may continue our [-] towards the setting sun.
Thursday, Nov. 5th. We took breakfast aboard the ship and then landed at Guion [-]. Here we had our luggage examined by the customs house officer. I did not think corruption was so unblushing. The officer asked 25 dollars to let us pass easy as it would expedite matters and knowing there was very little luggage on board that was dutiable. We paid him the money and was pleased to get through without having to speir our boxes. Mine had got broke so I could not open it, hence it was a lucky thing for me. At Castle Garden where we were taken next, we had our goods weighed. Mine passed without overweight. Many had to pay. One poor sister was sitting crying. She could not pay her overweight. I paid it for her. Christiansen bought my provisions. I was on my feet all day and had no provisions to eat or time to eat it. At seven [p .241] we went on a tender to Jersey City and here we separated the Danish and the English. It took an hour and a half to sort the [-]. Brother [James] Hart came over and gave me instructions to take on passengers at Chicago and Omaha. [-] came down with John Wildermans daughter, Emma, who is going home with us. I believe they are engaged. He stood outside talking to her an hour. His sister came down to bid him goodbye and asked me if I remembered her. We had seven cars but one was [-] off and we did not overtake it till next day. At Pittsburgh a young man got on board without a ticket. Brother [James] Hart told him it was no use to try as he would not buy a ticket on the [
-] for [-] time the price he would have to pay in New York. The conductor put him off at Trenton. He ask him where he was from to which he answered Scotland. Well, says the conductor, I did not think a Scotsman would do so foolish a trick. We passed
Philadelphia at eleven. We had started at 8 .
Friday, Nov. 6th. We travelled to Pittsburgh over a road abounding in beautiful scenery. The big horseshoe bend was grand. At Pittsburgh we changed the cars and continued our way over the Pittsburgh Fort Wayne Road. I saw a large monument lately built in Pittsburgh. [p. 242]
Saturday, Nov. 7th. We arrived at Chicago at 9 a.m., changed cars. In a short time the cars were pushed opposite one another and the transfer was easily made. A Dutchman came down and sold us bread and milk and nothing else. He was not a sharper as he could hardly change the money. We had a pleasant ride over the Northwestern Railroad. The bridge over Mississippi River was a grand one. It is built at Clifton.
Sunday at 9 a.m. we arrived at Omaha and received 8 cars, a first class for the missionaries and emigrant cars for the emigrants which had places for beds overhead as well as extension seats. We bought provisions here which were quite dear. At a past 11 a.m. we rolled out. I telegraphed to James Jack. We met with a special train at noon or a little after. We overtook a train which engine had broken one [-] by giving it a start it pulled along very well. Last night we had a concert in our car and had considerable fun. Today in the afternoon and evening we had singing and it was quite an enjoyable affair. There was a beautiful sunset on the plains.
Monday, Ninth of Nov. We over at Sydney at daybreak and at Cheyenne at half past two telegraphed James Jack. We crossed the Rocky Mountains the highest point being at Sherman some 8235 over the ocean. The [p. 243] Doyle Bridge crosses a chasm 187 feet deep. It is a narrow bridge. In the night we passed Rock Springs where 11 persons got off. One of the women told her man "Had I know that it was such a place, I would not come!" He said: "You should have been here a month ago and you might have talked ." He alluded to the massacre of the Chinese. At Granger we set off five passengers to go with Oregon Short Line to Montpelier and Soda Springs. Here we had a freight main attached to our special, this made us much slow progress & instead of getting to Evanston at 8 it was nearly noon.
Tuesday, Nov. 10. At Evanston 14 emigrants left our train. The luggage will have to be shipped from Ogden as they could not get it off of the baggage car. P. Rasmussen asked me to get the conductor to set him off at Rosind Valley as he did not like to be oxen. At Echo another U.G. man wanted me to get him set off at Uintah. The conductor agreed to this. We are making so many stops that we will not get to Salt Lake until late. We heard passengers of the East [-] train say that we were expected at. Now in Salt Lake City. We have had every accommodation we could wish for. Conductors have been [p. 244] very obliging especially on the Union Pacific Railroad.
Arrived in Salt Lake City Nov. 10th 1885. [p. 245]
BIB: Lund, Anthon H. Diary (Ms 5375), reel 1, bx. 1, fd. 2, vol. 4, pp 236-45. (CHL).